Phase imaging quality improvement by modification of AFM probes’ cantilever

Jakub Skibiński , Janusz Rębiś , Ł. Kaczmarek , Tomasz Wejrzanowski , Tomasz Płociński , Krzysztof Rożniatowski


Imaging of the surface of materials by atomic force microscopy under tapping and phase imaging mode, with use of modified probes is addressed. In this study, the circularly shaped holes located in varying distance from the probe base, were cut out by focused ion beam. Such modification was a consequence of the results of the previous experiments (probe tip sharpen- ingandcantileverthinning)wheresignificantimprovementof imagequality in tapping and phase imaging mode has been revealed. The solution proposed herein gives similar results, but is much simpler from the technological point of view. Shorter exposition time of the tip onto gallium ions during FIB processing allows to reduce material degradation. The aim of this modification was to change harmonic oscillators’ properties in the simplest and fastest way, to obtain stronger signal for higher resonant frequencies, which can be advantageous for improvingthequalityofimaginginPImode.Probesshapedin that way were used for AFM investigations with Bruker AFM nanoscope 8. As a testing material, titanium roughness standard sample, supplied by Bruker, was used. The results have shown that the modifications performed within these studies influence the oscillation of the probes, which in some cases may result in deterioration of the imaging quality under tapping mode for one or both selfresonant frequencies.However, phase imaging results obtained using modified probes are of higher quality. The numerical simulations performer by application of finite element method were used to explain the results obtained experimentally. Phenomenon described within this study allows to apply developed modelling methodology for prediction of effects of various modifications on the probes’tip, and as a result, to predict how proposed modifications will affect AFM imaging quality.
Author Jakub Skibiński (FMSE / DMD)
Jakub Skibiński,,
- Division of Materials Design
, Janusz Rębiś (FMSE)
Janusz Rębiś,,
- Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering
, Ł. Kaczmarek
Ł. Kaczmarek,,
, Tomasz Wejrzanowski (FMSE / DMD)
Tomasz Wejrzanowski,,
- Division of Materials Design
, Tomasz Płociński (FMSE / DMD)
Tomasz Płociński,,
- Division of Materials Design
, Krzysztof Rożniatowski (FMSE / DMD)
Krzysztof Rożniatowski,,
- Division of Materials Design
Journal seriesJournal of Microscopy, ISSN 0022-2720, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2018
Pages179 - 186
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishAFM, FIB modification, finite element method, modal analysis, nanomachining
ASJC Classification2722 Histology; 2734 Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Languageen angielski
SKIBINSKI_et_al-2018-Journal_of_Microscopy.pdf 5.45 MB
Score (nominal)35
ScoreMinisterial score = 35.0, 11-03-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 35.0, 11-03-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 1; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.852; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.693 (2) - 2017=2.13 (5)
Citation count*1 (2019-04-03)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.