On Protected Traffic Routing in Wireless Networks with Partial Multiple Link Failures
Michał Pióro , Dritan Nace , Yoann Fouquet
AbstractIn this paper we study an optimization problem relevant for wireless networks. In such networks links are subject to capacity disruptions caused by changing weather/channel condition that force to adapt the modulation and coding schemes to the observed condition. To cope with this issue in network optimization, we propose a new strategy called the Flow Thinning Strategy. For traffic protection we assume (possibly) over-dimensioned normal path-flows (i.e., path-flows defined for the availability state with all links fully available, the so called normal state) that are thinned in a failure state-dependent way to adapt to fluctuating reduced capacity. What is important, the normal flows cannot be increased or restored in any way. Moreover, we assume that the demand volumes to be realized in states can be reduced as compared to the normal demands. To solve a link cost minimization problem corresponding to the above assumptions, we develop an original non-compact linear programming model together with its solution algorithm based on path generation. We also present a numerical study that compares the performance of the assumed flow-thinning routing with other routing strategies studied before. In the presented version, our model is applicable to wireless networks with non-interfering point-to-point links such as free space optical links or microwave links.
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