Nonrepetitive colorings of line arrangements
Jarosław Grytczuk , Karol Kosiński , Michał Zmarz
AbstractA sequence is nonrepetitive if no two adjacent segments of are identical. A famous result of Thue from 1906 asserts that there are arbitrarily long nonrepetitive sequences over 3 symbols. We study the following geometric variant of this problem. Given a set of points in the plane and a set of lines, what is the least number of colors needed to color so that every line in is nonrepetitive? If consists of all intersection points of a prescribed set of lines , then we prove that there is such coloring using at most 405 colors. The proof is based on a theorem of Thue and on a result of Alon and Marshall concerning homomorphisms of edge colored planar graphs. We also consider nonrepetitive colorings involving other geometric structures. For instance, a nonrepetitive analog of the famous Hadwiger–Nelson problem is formulated as follows: what is the least number of colors needed to color the plane so that every path of the unit distance graph whose vertices are colinear is nonrepetitive? Using a theorem of Thue we prove that this number is at most .
|Journal series||European Journal of Combinatorics, ISSN 0195-6698|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Score|| = 25.0, 09-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
= 30.0, 09-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||= 4; = 3; : 2016 = 1.167; : 2016 = 0.786 (2) - 2016=0.828 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.