Off-design operation of coal power plant integrated with natural gas fueled molten carbonate fuel cell as CO2reducer

Gabriele Discepoli , Jarosław Milewski , Umberto Desideri

Abstract

The paper presents an experimental investigation of a Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) fueled by methane in order to predict how to reduce CO2emissions from the flue gas of a real power plant. MCFCs can be placed in the flue gas stream of a fossil fired power plant to separate CO2by transferring it from the cathode side to the anode side. As a result, a mixture of CO2and H2O is separated from which pure CO2can be obtained through condensation of water. The main advantages of this solution are: additional power generation, reduced CO2emissions and higher system efficiency. Furthermore, coal plants seem to be the ideal candidate to retrofit with MCFC plant due to their high exhaust CO2content and to the low cost of the fuel that encourages its application despite the narrower emission requirement. The experimental results show that use of an MCFC could reduce CO2emissions by 90% with over 30% efficiency in additional power generation and by demonstrating a broad range of different operative conditions.

Author Gabriele Discepoli (FPAE / IHE)
Gabriele Discepoli,,
- The Institute of Heat Engineering
, Jarosław Milewski (FPAE / IHE)
Jarosław Milewski,,
- The Institute of Heat Engineering
, Umberto Desideri (FPAE / IHE)
Umberto Desideri,,
- The Institute of Heat Engineering
Journal seriesInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy, ISSN 0360-3199
Issue year2016
Vol41
No8
Pages4773-4783
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishMolten carbonate fuel cell Carbon capture Coal plant Off-design operation Experimental
ASJC Classification2102 Energy Engineering and Power Technology; 3104 Condensed Matter Physics; 2103 Fuel Technology; 2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.01.065
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360319915313288
Languageen angielski
File
1-s2.0-S0360319915313288-main(1).pdf 2.12 MB
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 30.0, 26-11-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 35.0, 26-11-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 9; Scopus Citations = 14; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.311; WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 3.582 (2) - 2016=3.647 (5)
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