Fluctuations as a test of chemical nonequilibrium at energies available at the CERN Large Hadron Collider
It is shown that large chemical potential leads to the significant increase of multiplicity fluctuations for bosons, and makes the fluctuations infinite in the case of Bose-Einstein condensation. It allows us to distinguish between the models that explain the anomalous proton to pion ratio and the low transverse momentum enhancement of pion spectra in Pb+Pb collisions at the Large Hadron Collider within chemical equilibrium or nonequilibrium models. The effects of resonance decays, finite size of the system, requirements to the event statistics, different momentum cuts, and limited detector acceptance are considered. The obtained results show the possibility to observe a substantial increase of the normalized kurtosis for positively or negatively charged pions in the case of nonequilibrium or partial pion condensation using currently measured data.
|Journal series||Physical Review C, ISSN 2469-9985, e-ISSN 2469-9993, [1538-4497]|
|Score|| = 35.0, 10-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
= 45.0, 10-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||= 16; = 14; : 2016 = 3.82 (2) - 2016=3.676 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.