Determination of arsenic in reforming catalysts based on alumina by hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry

Zofia Kowalewska , Ewa Bulska , Adam Hulanicki


The determination of arsenic in reforming catalysts by hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry (HG-AAS) was investigated. Platinum and platinum-rhenium catalysts based on alumina were digested with hydrochloric acid in Teflon vessels of a closed microwave system. The mixture of potassium iodide and ascorbic acid was added to the solutions to ensure that the analyte was in trivalent form before hydride generation. The influence of several metals on the arsenic signal at concentrations up to 10 times higher than expected in catalysts was evaluated and a significant interference was found only for platinum. However, in the case of highly polluted catalysts, an additional decrease of the signal is caused by the simultaneous presence of other elements. The Standard Addition and Successive Dilution (SASD) method was successfully applied for calibration purposes. The accuracy of the proposed procedure was confirmed by the determination of arsenic in certified reference material CTA-FFA-1 fly ash. The RSD of the analytical procedure was found to be below 10% and the detection limit was calculated to be 0.2 μg/g. The procedure is fast and takes less than two hours. As a result of our investigation, the arsenic, being the main factor influencing the quality of the reforming catalysts, was determined in the range from below 0.2 μg/g (non-contaminated catalysts) up to 10.4 μg/g (highly-contaminated catalysts).
Author Zofia Kowalewska (FCEMP / ICEn)
Zofia Kowalewska,,
- Insitute of Civil Engineering
, Ewa Bulska
Ewa Bulska,,
, Adam Hulanicki
Adam Hulanicki,,
Journal seriesAtomic Spectroscopy, ISSN 0195-5373
Issue year1997
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishreforming catalyst analysis, reforming catalyst poison, arsenic determination metals determination, soil analysis, metals in catalysts, , HG AAS, interferences; catalyst digestion
Languagepl polski
Not used for evaluationyes
Score (nominal)20
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2006 = 1.127 (2) - 2007=1.029 (5); WoS Citations = 3
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