Influence of fine particulate matter from household emissions on selected respiratory and cardiovascular diseases – Initial results

Artur Jerzy Badyda , A Chciałowski , P Dąbrowiecki , A. Stańczyk , Anna Gayer , Dominika Mucha , Łukasz Adamkiewicz

Abstract

Background: Due to the widespread use of coal and wood in households for heating purposes, Poland has one of the weakest air quality in the EU. Moreover in East-Central Europe there is still relatively little evidence on the relationship between air pollution, respiratory efficiency and the occurrence of obstructive diseases. Material: 500 people living in a small city in the Warsaw area were surveyed in the ongoing investigation focused on exposure to fine PM originating from the low-stack emission sources. A questionnaire was conducted followed by selected pulmonary, allergy and cardiology examinations (e.g. spirometry, induced sputum, FeNO, SPT, IgE, hemodynamics, vascular endothelial function). Stochastic-exploratory analysis (e.g. ANOVA, GRM or PCA) was conducted. Results: PM2.5 concentration in the city does not meet the EU standards (in 2014 exceeded 31 ug/m3-the highest in the region). Though only 21% of the investigated inhabitants suppose that air quality is low or very low. Significant fraction of never-smokers (56.4% of the whole examined group) demonstrate symptoms typical for people exposed to polluted air, like conjunctivitis (21.5% of the non-smokers), rhinitis (34.2%), larynx inflammation (18.1%) but also breathlessness/tightness and pain behind the breastbone (14.8%). 16.1% of the never-smokers suffer from frequent respiratory infections. Asthma was diagnosed in 8.1%, CHD in 4.7% and COPD in 2% of the group. Conclusion: The initial results may indicate a relationship between continuous exposure to PM2.5 and the prevalence of respiratory and circulatory systems diseases in never smokers. Ongoing research will help to verify this thesis.
Publication typeOriginal work published as abstract
Author Artur Jerzy Badyda ZIBJŚ
Artur Jerzy Badyda,,
- Department of Informationa Science and Environment Quality Research
, A Chciałowski
A Chciałowski,,
-
, P Dąbrowiecki
P Dąbrowiecki,,
-
, A. Stańczyk
A. Stańczyk,,
-
, Anna Gayer ZIBJŚ
Anna Gayer,,
- Department of Informationa Science and Environment Quality Research
, Dominika Mucha ZIBJŚ
Dominika Mucha,,
- Department of Informationa Science and Environment Quality Research
, Łukasz Adamkiewicz ZIBJŚ
Łukasz Adamkiewicz,,
- Department of Informationa Science and Environment Quality Research
Journal seriesEuropean Respiratory Journal, ISSN 0903-1936
Issue year2016
Vol48
Nosuppl 60
PagesPA399-PA399
Publication size in sheets0.3
Keywords in EnglishAir pollution, Environment, Epidemiology
DOIDOI:10.1183/13993003.congress-2016.PA399
URL http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/48/suppl_60/PA399
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)0
ScoreMinisterial score = 45.0, 12-06-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 45.0, 12-06-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 10.569 (2) - 2016=8.491 (5)
Citation count*0 (2018-06-13)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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