Performance Analysis of a H-Darrieus Wind Turbine for a Series of 4-Digit NACA Airfoils

Krzysztof Rogowski , Martin O.L. Hansen , Galih Bangga


The purpose of this paper is to estimate the H-Darrieus wind turbine aerodynamic performance, aerodynamic blade loads, and velocity profiles downstream behind the rotor. The wind turbine model is based on the rotor designed by McDonnell Aircraft Company. The model proposed here consists of three fixed straight blades; in the future, this model is planned to be developed with controlled blades. The study was conducted using the unsteady Reynolds averaged Navier–Stokes (URANS) approach with the k-ω shear stress transport (SST) turbulence model. The numerical two-dimensional model was verified using two other independent aerodynamic approaches: a vortex model and the extended version of the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code FLOWer. All utilized numerical codes gave similar result of the instantaneous aerodynamic blade loads. In addition, steady-state calculations for the applied airfoils were also made using the same numerical model as for the vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) to obtain lift and drag coefficients. The obtained values of lift and drag force coefficients, for a Reynolds number of 2.9 million, agree with the predictions of the experiment and XFOIL over a wide range of angle of attack. A maximum rotor power coefficient of 0.5 is obtained, which makes this impeller attractive from the point of view of further research. Research has shown that, if this rotor were to work with fixed blades, it is recommended to use the NACA 1418 airfoil instead of the original NACA 0018.
Author Krzysztof Rogowski (FPAE / IAAM)
Krzysztof Rogowski,,
- The Institute of Aeronautics and Applied Mechanics
, Martin O.L. Hansen - [Danmarks Tekniske Universitet]
Martin O.L. Hansen,,
, Galih Bangga - [Universitat Stuttgart]
Galih Bangga,,
Journal seriesEnergies, [ENERGIES], ISSN 1996-1073
Issue year2020
Publication size in sheets1.35
Keywords in EnglishAerodynamic wake, Airfoil characteristics, CFDK-ω, SSTVAWT
ASJC Classification1700 General Computer Science
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
WUT75454fa4eefc4088a52959aa9f86e4f7.pdf 10.04 MB
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 140.0, 07-08-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.156; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.707 (2) - 2018=2.99 (5)
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