Intelligent magnetorheological elastomer composites

Anna Boczkowska , Stefan Awietjan


The study is related to a new group of intelligent materials, namely magnetorheological elastomer composites (MRE), composed of ferromagnetic particles dispersed in an elastomeric matrix. They exhibit reversible changes of their properties and shape under the magnetic field, what makes them attractive for applications as dampers, sensors or actuators. The microstructure of the produced MRE was studied using scanning electron microscopy. In order to determine the magnetic and structural anisotropy of MRE, their magnetic properties were investigated. The rheological properties of MREwere also characterized in a broad range. The relative magnetorheological effect was evaluated by analyzing the influence of the volume fraction, size and arrangement of the particles on the microstructure of selected composite. It was found, that MRE with an anisotropic microstructure formed during the preparation under the magnetic field show much higher magnetorheological effect than MRE with an isotropic arrangement of the particles, added in the same amount to the elastomeric matrix. A non-linear change of the rheological properties versus particle fraction was also observed, as a result of the structural and magnetic anisotropy, which has a major influence on the change in MRE properties under the magnetic field. Moreover, it was found that the magnetorheological effect can be controlled by changes in the particle alignment according to the magnetic field direction. It means that to obtain a sufficiently high magnetorheological effect it is not necessary to introduce a large amount of magnetic particles into the polymer matrix, but it can be achieved by formation of an appropriate particle microstructure. This is beneficial for reducing the weight of devices based on MRE.

Author Anna Boczkowska (FMSE / DSMP)
Anna Boczkowska,,
- Division of Ceramic Materials and Polymers
, Stefan Awietjan - [Politechnika Warszawska]
Stefan Awietjan,,
Journal seriesPolimery, ISSN 0032-2725
Issue year2013
ASJC Classification1500 General Chemical Engineering; 2505 Materials Chemistry; 2507 Polymers and Plastics
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)15
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 15.0, 17-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 15.0, 17-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus Citations = 4; GS Citations = 3.0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2013 = 0.591; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 0.617 (2) - 2013=0.574 (5)
Citation count*3 (2016-09-15)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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