Micro protocol engineering for unstructured carriers: on the embedding of steganographic control protocols into audio transmissions

Matthias Naumann , Steffen Wendzel , Wojciech Mazurczyk , Joerg Keller


Network steganography conceals the transfer of sensitive information within unobtrusive data in computer networks. Socalled micro protocols are communication protocols placed within the payload of a network steganographic transfer. They enrich this transfer with features such as reliability, dynamic overlay routing, or performance optimization — just to mention a few. We present different design approaches for the embedding of hidden channels with micro protocols in digitized audio signals under consideration of different requirements. On the basis of experimental results, our design approaches are compared and introduced into a protocol engineering approach for micro protocols.
Author Matthias Naumann - [University of Hagen (fernuni-hagen)]
Matthias Naumann,,
- FernUniversität in Hagen
, Steffen Wendzel - [Fraunhofer Institute for Communication, Information Processing and Ergonomics (FKIE)]
Steffen Wendzel,,
- Fraunhofer Institute for Communication, Information Processing and Ergonomics
, Wojciech Mazurczyk (FEIT / IT)
Wojciech Mazurczyk,,
- The Institute of Telecommunications
, Joerg Keller - [University of Hagen (fernuni-hagen)]
Joerg Keller,,
- FernUniversität in Hagen
Journal seriesSecurity and Communication Networks, ISSN 1939-0114, [1939-0122]
Issue year2016
Publication size in sheets0.65
Keywords in Englishnetwork steganography; audio steganography; micro protocols; control protocols; covert channels
ASJC Classification1705 Computer Networks and Communications; 1710 Information Systems
ProjectThe Develpment of Digital Communicatios. Project leader: Siuzdak Jerzy, , Phone: +48 22 234-7868, start date 27-04-2015, end date 31-12-2016, IT/2015/statut, Completed
WEiTI Działalność statutowa
Languageen angielski
2016 Naumann Wendzel Mazurczyk Micro protocol engineering.pdf 1.11 MB
Score (nominal)20
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 20.0, 18-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 20.0, 18-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus Citations = 1; GS Citations = 1.0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.842; WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 1.067 (2) - 2016=1.022 (5)
Citation count*1 (2020-09-10)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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