Empirical Signal Decomposition Methods as a Tool of Early Detection of Bearing Fault

Jacek Dybała , Jakub Komoda

Abstract

In recent years proactive diagnostic strategies have gained more significance. Due to the need of reduction of production costs, machine downtime must be held at the lowest possible limits. This forces maintenance services to predict possible failures and plan repairs in advance. Rolling bearing faults are among the major reasons for breakdown of industrial machinery and bearing diagnosing is one of the most important topics in machine condition monitoring. Vibration signals offer great opportunity to provide reliable information about machine condition. However, in complex industrial environments the vibration signal of the rolling bearing may be covered or concealed by other vibration sources, such as gears. In case of masking the informative bearing signal by machine noise, extraction of useful diagnostic information from vibration signals becomes very difficult. The following paper presents two rolling bearing diagnosing approaches enabling early detection of rolling bearing faults at the low-energy stage of their development. By using empirical signal decomposition methods a raw vibration signal is divided into two parts: an informative bearing signal and a signal emitted from other machinery elements. For further bearing fault-related feature extraction from the informative bearing signal, the spectral analysis of the empirically determined local amplitude is applied. To test the operational effectiveness of the developed signal decomposition methods, raw vibration signals generated by complex mechanical systems employed in the industry are used. The test results show that the developed methods allow early identification of bearing fault in case of masking the informative bearing signal by signals derived from other sources.
Author Jacek Dybała IP
Jacek Dybała,,
- Institute of Automotive Engineering
, Jakub Komoda
Jakub Komoda,,
-
Pages147-156
Publication size in sheets0.5
Book Timofiejczuk Anna, Chaari Fakher, Zimroz Radoslaw, Bartelmus Walter, Haddar Mohamed (eds.): Advances in Condition Monitoring of Machinery in Non-Stationary Operations, vol. 9, 2018, Springer International Publishing, ISBN 978-3-319-61926-2, [978-3-319-61927-9], 373 p., DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-61927-9
Keywords in EnglishIn recent years proactive diagnostic strategies have gained more significance. Due to the need of reduction of production costs, machine downtime must be held at the lowest possible limits. This forces maintenance services to predict possible failures and plan repairs in advance. Rolling bearing faults are among the major reasons for breakdown of industrial machinery and bearing diagnosing is one of the most important topics in machine condition monitoring. Vibration signals offer great opportunity to provide reliable information about machine condition. However, in complex industrial environments the vibration signal of the rolling bearing may be covered or concealed by other vibration sources, such as gears. In case of masking the informative bearing signal by machine noise, extraction of useful diagnostic information from vibration signals becomes very difficult. The following paper presents two rolling bearing diagnosing approaches enabling early detection of rolling bearing faults at the low-energy stage of their development. By using empirical signal decomposition methods a raw vibration signal is divided into two parts: an informative bearing signal and a signal emitted from other machinery elements. For further bearing fault-related feature extraction from the informative bearing signal, the spectral analysis of the empirically determined local amplitude is applied. To test the operational effectiveness of the developed signal decomposition methods, raw vibration signals generated by complex mechanical systems employed in the industry are used. The test results show that the developed methods allow early identification of bearing fault in case of masking the informative bearing signal by signals derived from other sources.
DOIDOI:10.1007/978-3-319-61927-9_14
URL https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-61927-9_14
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)0
ScoreMinisterial score = 0.0, 09-01-2018, BookChapterMatConf
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 0.0, 09-01-2018, BookChapterMatConf
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