Comparative assessment of antimicrobial efficiency of ionic silver, silver monoxide and metallic silver nanoparticles incorporated onto an aluminum oxide nanopowder carrier

Agnieszka Jastrzębska , Ewa Karwowska , Antoni Kunicki , Andrzej Olszyna

Abstract

The present paper provides comparative assessment of antimicrobial efficiency of ionic silver (Ag+), silver monoxide (Ag2O) and metallic silver (Ag) incorporated onto an aluminum oxide nanopowder carrier (Al2O3). The deposition of Ag+ ions, Ag2O nanoparticles as well as Ag nanoparticles on an different phases of aluminum oxide nanopowder carrier was realized using consecutive stages of dry sol-gel method. The Al2O3-Ag+; Al2O3-Ag2O and Al2O3-Ag nanopowders were widely characterized qualitatively and quantitatively by SEM, physical nitrogen sorption and XRD analyses. Results indicate that, the Al2O3 nanopowders added with Ag+, Ag2O and Ag, apart from phase composition, weren’t differing considerably from one another in terms of their morphology and physical properties. However, nanopowders of Al2O3-Ag were more agglomerated than Al2O3-Ag2O and Al2O3-Ag+ nanopowders. The antibacterial activity of the nanopowders was examined by the spread plate method using bacterial strains such as: Escherichia coli, Sarcina lutea and Bacillus subtilis. The best antibacterial properties against Sarcina lutea strain were achieved in the amorphous-Al2O3-Ag+ and Al2O3-Ag2O nanopowders, whereas the worst antimicrobial activity against Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli was shown by the Al2O3-Ag+ and Al2O3-Ag nanopowders. The observed increase of the antibacterial activity as the silver content was not however significant for Al2O3-Ag nanopowders. The results obtained in the present experiments show that the Al2O3-Ag+, Al2O3-Ag2O and Al2O3-Ag nanopowders, possessing good bactericidal properties, can be produced by using consecutive stages of dry sol-gel method and Al2O3 nanopowder added with Ag2O is considered as the best raw material in the production of antiseptic materials.
Author Agnieszka Jastrzębska (FMSE / DSMP)
Agnieszka Jastrzębska,,
- Division of Ceramic Materials and Polymers
, Ewa Karwowska (FEE / DB)
Ewa Karwowska,,
- Department of Biology
, Antoni Kunicki (FC / DCOC)
Antoni Kunicki,,
- Department Of Catalysis And Organometallic Chemistry
, Andrzej Olszyna (FMSE / DSMP)
Andrzej Olszyna,,
- Division of Ceramic Materials and Polymers
Journal seriesJournal of Nanoscience , ISSN 2314-6931, [2356-749X]
Issue year2013
Vol2013
Pages1-12
Publication size in sheets0.55
Keywords in Englishnanoalumina; ionic silver, nanosilver; nanoparticles; silver nanoparticles, nanopowder; antimicrobial properties, dry sol-gel method
DOIDOI:10.1155/2013/263583
URL http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jns/2013/263583/
Languageen angielski
File
263583.pdf 11.22 MB
Score (nominal)5
ScoreMinisterial score = 0.0, 05-09-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 5.0, 05-09-2019, ArticleFromJournal
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