Searching for Bionics Structural Forms Optimization

Ewelina Gawell , Anna Nowak , Wiesław Rokicki

Abstract

The architectural design becomes an interdisciplinary process while the architectural forms, due to their various criteria, are more and more often created as a result of conducted optimization (simulated processes - "form follow process"). Activities that mimic the processes occurring in nature seem to be of particular interest. The inspirations with observed structures in nature shaped under the influence of loads acting on them constitute an interesting aspect of the search for optimization. The material and energy consumption were minimized through the evolution of structures and their adaptation to the environment. Therefore, such processes can serve as important patterns in the pursuit of building objects, effectively adapted to the location conditions, as an urban ecosystem element in accordance with the idea of sustainable development. In modern architecture, research is conducted using mathematical models in the search for optimal forms, based on the patterns of structures observed in nature. The article presents an analysis of a number of examples of bionic architecture in terms of structure and material. In addition, own model studies of selected bionic and geometrical structural forms were presented. The aim of the analysis at hand was to conduct optimization searches for the shaped bionic rod structures, selected due to the criterion of minimum mass. Among the analyzed structures, a noticeable effectiveness of forms transferred from nature was observed, which indicates the need for further research in this area.
Author Ewelina Gawell (FA / CCD)
Ewelina Gawell,,
- Chair of Construction Design
, Anna Nowak (FA / CCD)
Anna Nowak,,
- Chair of Construction Design
, Wiesław Rokicki (FA / CCD)
Wiesław Rokicki,,
- Chair of Construction Design
Journal seriesIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, ISSN 1757-8981, e-ISSN 1757-899X, (0 pkt)
Issue year2019
No471
Pages1-10
Publication size in sheets0.5
ConferenceWorld Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering-Architecture-Urban Planning Symposium (WMCAUS), 18-06-2018 - 22-06-2018, Prague, Czechy
DOIDOI:10.1088/1757-899X/471/5/052066
URL https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1757-899X/471/5/052066/pdf
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)5
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 5.0, 22-01-2020, ArticleFromConference
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus Citations = 0
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