Mechanical and Thermal Properties of High-Density Rigid Polyurethane Foams from Renewable Resources

Mikelis Kirpluks , Cabulis Ugis , Ivdre Aiga , Maria Kurańska , Milena Zieleniewska , Monika Auguścik

Abstract

The most common sustainable solution for polyurethane (PU) materials is their production using renewable resources. Polyols derived from biomass and recycled polymers are the most promising way to do that. This study compares five different sustainable polyols as a possible raw material for production of highdensity rigid PU foams for automotive application. The goal of our study was to show that biobased polyols are a suitable replacement for polyols derived from petrochemical products. The influence of the chemical structure of polyols on the PU polymer matrix and foam properties was investigated. Two sources of PU raw material feedstock were studied: the plant biomass and the side stream of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) production. Three different polyols from renewable resources were investigated as well as two aromatic polyester polyols. High-density rigid polyurethane foams were developed from these raw materials. This was done to choose a material, which could be used as the core of structural elements for lightweight vehicles. The focus was put on the sustainability and competitive properties of the developed materials. The obtained results led to the conclusion that recycled PET polyols show a higher mechanical strength. Nevertheless, renewable resources are closely matched.
Author Mikelis Kirpluks
Mikelis Kirpluks,,
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, Cabulis Ugis
Cabulis Ugis ,,
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, Ivdre Aiga
Ivdre Aiga,,
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, Maria Kurańska
Maria Kurańska,,
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, Milena Zieleniewska ZMCP
Milena Zieleniewska,,
- Division of Ceramic Materials and Polymers
, Monika Auguścik ZMCP
Monika Auguścik,,
- Division of Ceramic Materials and Polymers
Journal seriesJournal of Renewable Materials, ISSN 2164-6325
Issue year2016
Vol15
Pages86-100
Publication size in sheets0.7
Keywords in Englishrenewable raw materials, polyurethane foams
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)20
ScoreMinisterial score = 20.0, 28-11-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 20.0, 28-11-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 0.812 (2) - 2016=1.159 (5)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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