Effect of Intra- and Intermolecular Interactions on the Properties of para-Substituted Nitrobenzene Derivatives
Halina Szatyłowicz , Olga A. Stasyuk , Celia Fonseca Guerra , Tadeusz Marek Krygowski
AbstractTo study the influence of intra- and intermolecular interactions on properties of the nitro group in para-substituted nitrobenzene derivatives, two sources of data were used: (i) Cambridge Structural Database and (ii) quantum chemistry modeling. In the latter case, “pure” intramolecular interactions were simulated by gradual rotation of the nitro group in para-nitroaniline, whereas H-bond formation at the amino group allowed the intermolecular interactions to be accounted for. BLYP functional with dispersion correction and TZ2P basis set (ADF program) were used to perform all calculations. It was found that properties of the nitro group dramatically depend on both its orientation with respect to the benzene ring as well as on the substituent in the para-position. The nitro group lies in the plane of the benzene ring for only a small number of molecules, whereas the mean value of the twist angle is 7.3 deg, mostly due to intermolecular interactions in the crystals. This distortion from planarity and the nature of para-substituent influence the aromaticity of the ring (described by HOMA index) and properties of the nitro group due to electronic effects. The results obtained by QM calculations fully coincide with observations found for the data set of crystal structures.
|Journal series||Crystals, ISSN 2073-4352|
|Publication size in sheets||1.45|
|Keywords in English||nitro group; crystal structures; hydrogen bond; Voronoi deformation density; energy decomposition analysis (EDA)|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|Score|| = 20.0, 31-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
= 20.0, 31-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||= 7; = 5; : 2016 = 0.818; : 2016 = 1.566 (2) - 2016=1.394 (5)|
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