Experimental studies of the quality of embossed characters of the Braille alphabet

Roman Barczyk , Danuta Jasińska-Choromańska


The paper presents studies pertaining to the quality of embossed characters of the Braille alphabet used, among other applications, for tagging drug labels. The following parameters of embossed inscriptions were measured: height, diameter of the dots and surface roughness (18 samples with various combinations of their values). 48 blind individuals assessed the quality of the printed text. Statistical analysis proved that a text with dots having height of 0.9 millimeter, diameter of 1.6 millimeters and roughness Ra of about 1 micrometer to be the best. The samples had been made using two different methods of rapid prototyping: PolyJet and SLS. 3D printing is increasingly popular and the studies proved the usefulness of these methods for labeling with embossed inscriptions, due to the repeatability, durability and quality they ensure. The assessing group of blind individuals was comprised of 24 persons 14–17 years old and other 24 persons aged over 60 who were not proficient in reading Braille alphabet, This allows to conclude that a text featuring the above values of the parameters will be easy to read for the majority of blind persons.
Author Roman Barczyk IMiF
Roman Barczyk,,
- The Institute of Micromechanics and Photonics
, Danuta Jasińska-Choromańska IMiF
Danuta Jasińska-Choromańska,,
- The Institute of Micromechanics and Photonics
Journal seriesBulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Technical Sciences, ISSN 0239-7528
Issue year2016
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishtactile reading; Braille alphabet; Braille characters; visual impairment; measurement of parameters of Braille dots
URL https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/bpasts.2016.64.issue-3/bpasts-2016-0068/bpasts-2016-0068.xml
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)25
ScoreMinisterial score [Punktacja MNiSW] = 20.0, 28-11-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) [Punktacja MNiSW (2013-2016)] = 25.0, 28-11-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor [Impact Factor WoS]: 2016 = 1.156 (2) - 2016=1.238 (5)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.