The Release of Heavy Metals from Hardening Slurries with Addition of Selected Combustion By-products

Małgorzata Wojtkowska , Paweł Falaciński , Anna Kosiorek


In Poland, in recent years, there has been a rapid accumulation of sewage sludge - a by-product in the treatment of urban wastewater. This has come about as a result of infra-structure renewal, specifically, the construction of modern sewage treatment plants. The more stringent regulations and strategic goals adopted for modern sewage management have necessitated the application of modern engineering methodology for the disposal of sewage sludge. One approach is incineration. As a consequence, the amount of fly ash resulting from the thermal treatment of municipal sewage sludge has grown significantly. Hence, intensive work is in progress for environmentally safe management of this type of waste. The aim of the experiment was to evaluate the possibility of using the fly ash that results from municipal sewage sludge thermal treatment (SSTT) as an additive to hardening slurries. This type of hardening slurry with various types of additives, e.g. coal combustion products, is used in the construction of cut-off walls in hydraulic structures. The article presents the techno-logical and functional parameters of hardening slurries with an addition of fly ash obtained by SSTT. Moreover, the usefulness of these slurries is analysed on the basis of their basic properties, i.e. density, contractual viscosity, water separation, structural strength, volumetric density, hydraulic conductivity, compressive and tensile strength. The mandated require- ments for slurries employed in the construction of cut-off walls in Floyd embankments are listed as a usefulness criteria. Subsequently, leaching tests were performed for heavy metals in the components, the structure of the hardening slurries. An experiment showed leaching of hazardous compounds at a level allowing their practical application. The article presents the potential uses of fly ash from SSTT in hardening slurry technology. It also suggests directions for further research to fully identify other potential uses of this by-product in this field.
Author Małgorzata Wojtkowska ZIBJŚ
Małgorzata Wojtkowska,,
- Department of Informationa Science and Environment Quality Research
, Paweł Falaciński ZBWH
Paweł Falaciński,,
- Department of Hydraulic Engineering and Hydraulics
, Anna Kosiorek
Anna Kosiorek,,
Other language title versionsUwalnianie metali ciężkich z zawiesin twardniejących z dodatkiem wybranych ubocznych produktów spalania
Journal seriesInżynieria i Ochrona Środowiska, ISSN 1505-3695, e-ISSN 2391-7253
Issue year2016
Publication size in sheets0.6
Keywords in Polish zawiesina twardniejąca, lotny popiół z termicznego przekształca nia komunalnych osadów ściekowych, przesłony przeciwfiltracyjne, metale ciężkie
Keywords in English hardening slurry, fly ash from thermal treatment of municipal sewage sludge, cut-off walls
Languageen angielski
2016_nr4_4-Wojtkowska.pdf 275.66 KB
Score (nominal)9
ScoreMinisterial score = 9.0, 28-11-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 9.0, 28-11-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Citation count*1 (2018-07-19)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.