Large eddy simulation of thermal mixing with conjugate heat transfer at BWR operating conditions

Mattia Bergagio , Wenyuan Fan , Roman Thiele , Henryk Anglart


Thermal fatigue occurs in most metals under cyclic heat loads and can threaten the structural integrity of metal parts. Detailed knowledge of these loads is of utter importance to prevent such issues. In this study, a large eddy simulation (LES) with wall-adapting local eddy viscosity (WALE) subgrid model is performed to better understand turbulent thermal mixing in an annulus with a pair of opposing cold inlets at a low axial level () and with a pair of opposing hot inlets at a higher axial level (). Each inlet pair is 90° from each other in the azimuthal direction. Conjugate heat transfer between fluid and structure is accounted for. The geometry simplifies a control-rod guide tube (CRGT) in a boiling water reactor (BWR). LES results are compared with measurement data. This is one of the first times BWR conditions are met in both experiments and LES: pressure equals 7.2 MPa, while the temperature difference between hot and cold inlets reaches 216 K. LES temperatures at the fluid-structure interface are fairly correlated with their experimental equivalents, with regard to mean values, local variances, and dangerous oscillation modes in fatigue-prone areas (). An elastic analysis of the structure is performed to evaluate stress intensities there. From them, cumulative fatigue usage factors (CUFs) are estimated and used as screening criteria in the subsequent frequency analysis of temperature time series at the fluid-structure interface. The likelihood of initiating a fatigue crack is linked to the maximum CUF, which is 3.2 × 10−5 for a simulation time of .
Author Mattia Bergagio - [The Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)]
Mattia Bergagio ,,
, Wenyuan Fan - The Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)
Wenyuan Fan,,
, Roman Thiele
Roman Thiele,,
, Henryk Anglart (FPAE / IHE) - The Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)
Henryk Anglart,,
- The Institute of Heat Engineering
Journal seriesNuclear Engineering and Design, ISSN 0029-5493, e-ISSN 1872-759X
Issue year2020
Publication size in sheets5518.05
Keywords in EnglishTurbulent mixing Conjugate heat transfer LES WALE SGS model High cycle thermal fatigue
Keywords in original languageTurbulent mixing Conjugate heat transfer LES WALE SGS model High cycle thermal fatigue
ASJC Classification2104 Nuclear Energy and Engineering; 2210 Mechanical Engineering; 2213 Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality; 2311 Waste Management and Disposal; 2500 General Materials Science; 3106 Nuclear and High Energy Physics
Languageen angielski
H.Anglart 2019 2-main.pdf 14 MB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 100.0, 15-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus Citations = 0; WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.334; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 1.541 (2) - 2018=1.567 (5)
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