Zespół mieczy z ciałopalnego cmentarzyska ludności „kultury łużyckiej” w Domasławiu, pow. Wrocław

Bogusław Gediga , Zdzisław Hensel , Anna Józefowska , Rafał Wróblewski

Abstract

In connection with the planned construction of the Wrocław bypass in the years 2006-2008, the Rescue Archaeological Excavation Team of the Wrocław Branch of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, carried out rescue excavations at the Site 10/11/12 in Domasław. The most sensational results were obtained during the excavations of the cemetery of the population of the Lusatian culture, above all from the early phase of the Iron Age, the period when the image of the material culture of this community changed fundamentally. This is showed by the construction and grave goods of nearly 300 Hallstatt chamber graves, containing more than 50 luxury graphite-treated and painted pottery vessels, decorations, toiletry sets, tools, bronze vessels and weapons. At the cemetery, a fragment of a bronze sword’s blade was discovered in a grave dated to the IV/V period of the Bronze Age and seven iron and one bronze sword in the Hallstatt graves, undoubtedly imports from the north-Atlantic manufacturing centre. Metallurgical analyses of bronze artefacts may indicate the Alpine origin of the raw material, they also testify to the small qualities of iron swords for the purposes for which they were intended. In one case, the meteorite origin of the raw material was proved. The fact that swords were put to the graves together with the dead, certainly distinguished the individuals and showed their social position. In the light of many premises obtained during the excavations at the cemetery in Domasław, the sources are a confirmation of contacts, already mentioned in the literature, with the Mediterranean civilization, mainly through the Hallstatt cultures.
Author Bogusław Gediga - Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii PAN
Bogusław Gediga,,
-
, Zdzisław Hensel - Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii PAN
Zdzisław Hensel,,
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, Anna Józefowska - [Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii PAN]
Anna Józefowska,,
-
- Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii PAN
, Rafał Wróblewski (FMSE / DCFM)
Rafał Wróblewski,,
- Division of Construction and Functional Materials
Journal seriesPrzegląd Archeologiczny, ISSN 0079-7138, (B 12 pkt)
Issue year2018
Vol66
Pages137-175
Publication size in sheets1.9
Keywords in Polishmiecze, Domasław, cmentarzysko epoka brązu i wczesna epoka żelaza, badania metaloznawcze
Keywords in Englishswords, Domasław, cemetery, the Bronze Age and the Early Iron Age, metallurgical research
DOIDOI:10.23858/PA66.2018.006
URL http://rcin.org.pl/dlibra/publication?id=87398&tab=3
Languagepl polski
Score (nominal)12
ScoreMinisterial score = 12.0, 05-09-2019, ArticleFromJournal
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