Zespół mieczy z ciałopalnego cmentarzyska ludności „kultury łużyckiej” w Domasławiu, pow. Wrocław
Bogusław Gediga , Zdzisław Hensel , Anna Józefowska , Rafał Wróblewski
AbstractIn connection with the planned construction of the Wrocław bypass in the years 2006-2008, the Rescue Archaeological Excavation Team of the Wrocław Branch of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, carried out rescue excavations at the Site 10/11/12 in Domasław. The most sensational results were obtained during the excavations of the cemetery of the population of the Lusatian culture, above all from the early phase of the Iron Age, the period when the image of the material culture of this community changed fundamentally. This is showed by the construction and grave goods of nearly 300 Hallstatt chamber graves, containing more than 50 luxury graphite-treated and painted pottery vessels, decorations, toiletry sets, tools, bronze vessels and weapons. At the cemetery, a fragment of a bronze sword’s blade was discovered in a grave dated to the IV/V period of the Bronze Age and seven iron and one bronze sword in the Hallstatt graves, undoubtedly imports from the north-Atlantic manufacturing centre. Metallurgical analyses of bronze artefacts may indicate the Alpine origin of the raw material, they also testify to the small qualities of iron swords for the purposes for which they were intended. In one case, the meteorite origin of the raw material was proved. The fact that swords were put to the graves together with the dead, certainly distinguished the individuals and showed their social position. In the light of many premises obtained during the excavations at the cemetery in Domasław, the sources are a confirmation of contacts, already mentioned in the literature, with the Mediterranean civilization, mainly through the Hallstatt cultures.
|Journal series||Przegląd Archeologiczny, ISSN 0079-7138|
|Publication size in sheets||1.9|
|Keywords in Polish||miecze, Domasław, cmentarzysko epoka brązu i wczesna epoka żelaza, badania metaloznawcze|
|Keywords in English||swords, Domasław, cemetery, the Bronze Age and the Early Iron Age, metallurgical research|
|Score||= 12.0, 27-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
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