Fenton-type reaction grafting of polyvinylpyrrolidone onto polypropylene membrane for improving hemo- and biocompatibility
Ilona Łojszczyk , Aleksandra Kuźmińska , Beata Aleksandra Butruk-Raszeja , Tomasz Ciach
AbstractKnown techniques for modification of polypropylene membranes (PPm) often require modification of the membrane in its entire volume (i.e. at the manufacturing stage), which may affect its properties. In the present work, the authors proposed a simple method for PPm hydrophilization. The process involves a two-step Fenton-type reaction, with ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) as a crosslinking agent and cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) as a source of free radicals. This hydrogel coating aims to enhance membrane hemocompatible and biocompatible properties. The biggest advantage of the proposed technique is the change of materials' surface properties, without interfering with its internal structure. Microscopic (SEM) and spectroscopic (FTIR-ATR) analyses confirmed the presence of hydrogel coating on PPm surfaces. Additionally, the evaluation of the surface density of the coating showed that the thickness of the coating increases with the reaction time and CHP concentration. The applied coatings significantly increase surface hydrophilicity (contact angle for PPm: 128.58° ± 0.52°, for all modified surfaces <53.31° ± 2.03°). The cytotoxicity test (XTT assay) proved biocompatibility of the PVP coating – cell viability remained above 90% for all variants tested. The modification resulted in a decrease in fibrinogen adsorption (of at least about 16%) and in a number of surface-adhered platelets. The assay evaluating the amount of secreted cell adhesion molecules (ICAM-1) showed a significant reduction (of at least about 50%) in the expression of ICAM-1 for all hydrogel-modified surfaces.
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