Sexually Transmitted Infections in the Residual Forces Participating in Military Missions - Diagnostic and Prophylactic Proceedings
Maria Gołębiowska-Wawrzyniak , Katarzyna Markiewicz , Zbigniew M. Wawrzyniak
AbstractResearch concerning sexually transmitted in- fections in the residual forces participating in mili- tary missions was made under the Development Project Number O R00002405. This is the fi rst in- novative research of such type carried out among groups of uniformed services personnel that per- tains the frequency of sexually transmitted infec- tions taking into account immunodefi ciency. Ac- cordingly, the discussion was replaced by an ex- tended summary. Frequency of the analyzed HPV, HIV, HSV2, Chlamydia trachomatis infections and the select- ed immunological parameters of the groups test- ed have trended favorably in comparison with the rate of infection in the general Polish population. The study shows that the incidence of sexually transmitted infections is lower than that described in the world literature  Barkin D.M. “The global health burden of infection-associated cancers in the year 2002”. Int. Journ. Cancer. 2006. There are no signifi cant diff erences in the com- parative analysis of Group I (patients remaining in the country) and Group II (temporarily residing abroad). The completed studies have not found an increase in the incidence of HSV-2, Chlamydia tra- chomatis, HIV or HPV infections in a group of pa- tients going on missions abroad, as compared to those remaining in the country. It should also be noted that Group II consisted of fewer subjects (ex- tended stay out of the country resulted in a lower number of tests being performed in this group). A slight immunodefi ciency was occasionally detected and was unrelated to the confi rmed in- fections. Increased IgE concentration was found in 22% of patients with no obvious symptoms of al- lergic disease. There was no association between sexually transmitted infections and elevated lev- els of IgE. Especially interesting are the results of a study concerning prevalence of HPV infection, particularly with the use of mRNA genes E6 and E7. Previously developed diagnostic algorithm for the detection of HPV infection has not yet fully utilized the signifi cance of mRNA tests in the po- tential diagnosis of cervical cancer caused by this pathogen. It is recommended to perform the mRNA E6 and E7 gene tests in males. Incidence of sexually transmitted infections in women departing on mis- sions abroad remains an open issue, largely due to the diffi culty in reaching these patients.
|Total number of authors||10|
|Journal series||Polski Przegląd Medycyny i Psychologii Lotniczej, ISSN 2083-2575|
|Score|| = 4.0, 09-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
= 4.0, 09-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal
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