Energy-Optimal Data Aggregation and Dissemination for the Internet of Things
Emma Fitzgerald , Michał Pióro , Artur Tomaszewski
AbstractEstablished approaches to data aggregation in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) do not cover the variety of new use cases developing with the advent of the Internet of Things (IoT). In particular, the current push toward fog computing, in which control, computation, and storage are moved to nodes close to the network edge, induces a need to collect data at multiple sinks, rather than the single sink typically considered in WSN aggregation algorithms. Moreover, for machine-to-machine communication scenarios, actuators subscribing to sensor measurements may also be present, in which case data should be not only aggregated and processed in-network but also disseminated to actuator nodes. In this paper, we present mixed-integer programming formulations and algorithms for the problem of energy-optimal routing and multiple-sink aggregation, as well as joint aggregation and dissemination, of sensor measurement data in IoT edge networks. We consider optimization of the network for both minimal total energy usage, and min-max per-node energy usage. We also provide a formulation and algorithm for throughput-optimal scheduling of transmissions under the physical interference model in the pure aggregation case. We have conducted a numerical study to compare the energy required for the two use cases, as well as the time to solve them, in generated network scenarios with varying topologies and between 10 and 40 nodes. Although aggregation only accounts for less than 15% of total energy usage in all cases tested, it provides substantial energy savings. Our results show more than 13 times greater energy usage for 40-node networks using direct, shortest-path flows from sensors to actuators, compared with our aggregation and dissemination solutions.
|Journal series||IEEE Internet of Things Journal, ISSN 2327-4662, (0 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.7|
|Keywords in English||Aggregation, fog computing, Internet of Things (IoT), mixed-integer programming (MIP), sensor networks|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ; ;|
|Score||= 15.0, 20-10-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 8; = 14; : 2017 = 4.296; : 2017 = 5.863 (2) - 2017=8.376 (5)|
|Citation count*||20 (2019-11-25)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.