Disability-Adjusted Life Years in the Assessment of Health Effects of Traffic-Related Air Pollution
Łukasz Adamkiewicz , Artur Jerzy Badyda , Anna Gayer , Dominika Mucha
AbstractTraffic-related air pollutants have an impact on human health and have been recognized as one of the main stressors that cause mortality and morbidity in urban areas. Research confirms that citizens living in the vicinity of main roads are strongly exposed to high concentrations of numerous air pollutants. In the present study the measurements of traffic-related parameters such as density, velocity, and structure were performed for cross-sections of selected street canyons in Warsaw, the capital city of Poland. In addition, the results of the general traffic measurements were used to describe the number of cars crossing the border of the city. Vehicle emissions of PM10 were calculated for the whole city area and changes of the PM10 concentration were modeled to present the exposure to this pollutant that could be attributable to traffic. The principles of the environmental burden of disease (EBD) were used. The assessment of the impact of traffic-related air pollutants on human health was made. The results, presented in disability-adjusted life years (DALY), were based on the outcomes of the study conducted in 2008–2012 in Warsaw, one the most congested agglomerations in Europe, and included the health damage effect of the exposure to high concentrations of air pollutants. DALY calculations were performed in accordance to the methodologies used in renowned international scientific research on EBD.
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Book||Pokorski M (eds.): Environment Exposure to Pollutants, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol. 834, 2015, Springer International Publishing, ISBN 978-3-319-10002-9, [978-3-319-10003-6], 81 p., DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-10003-6|
|Keywords in English||Environmental burden of disease, Health damage, Particulate matter, Traffic congestion, Urban air pollution|
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