Vanadium redox flow battery parameters optimization in a transportation microgrid: A case study

Włodzimierz Jefimowski , Adam Szeląg , Marcin Steczek , Anatolii Nikitenko


This paper addresses the concept of vanadium redox flow batteries as stationary energy storage for achieving optimum parameters of energy and cost-effectiveness in transportation microgrids. Such energy storage has two main purposes: to utilize the energy recovered from braking trains, and shave power peaks. With abovementioned purposes, economic feasibility is the main driver of measures to optimize the battery parameters, including joint energy and power capacity, as well as and energy management strategy parameters. The optimization results obtained from the genetic algorithm and particle swarm optimization algorithm were compared, and the comparison demonstrates that the second method operates more sufficiently. The case study shows that the implementation of the proposed battery system in a traction substation allows one to achieve approximately 7 year payback period and decrease peak power and daily consumption by 581 kW and 1.77 MWh, respectively. In addition, sensitivity analysis was conducted to determine the impact of certain factors and battery parameters on the resulting payback period. The results show that the effect of deviation of energy management strategy parameters from optimum values on payback period is four times more profound than deviation of battery parameters, which demonstrates how important energy management strategy is.

Author Włodzimierz Jefimowski (FoEE / IEPE)
Włodzimierz Jefimowski,,
- The Institute of Electrical Power Engineering
, Adam Szeląg (FoEE / IEPE)
Adam Szeląg,,
- The Institute of Electrical Power Engineering
, Marcin Steczek (FoEE / IEPE)
Marcin Steczek,,
- The Institute of Electrical Power Engineering
, Anatolii Nikitenko (FoEE / IEPE)
Anatolii Nikitenko,,
- The Institute of Electrical Power Engineering
Journal seriesEnergy, ISSN 0360-5442, e-ISSN 1873-6785
Issue year2020
ASJC Classification2100 General Energy; 2310 Pollution
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)200
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 200.0, 03-08-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus Citations = 1; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.822; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 5.537 (2) - 2018=5.747 (5)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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