Low-Temperature Pyrolysis of Municipal Solid Waste Components and Refuse-Derived Fuel—Process Efficiency and Fuel Properties of Carbonized Solid Fuel

Kacper Świechowski , Ewa Syguła , Jacek A. Koziel , Paweł Stępień , Szymon Kugler , Piotr Manczarski , Andrzej Białowiec

Abstract

New technologies to valorize refuse-derived fuels (RDFs) will be required in the near future due to emerging trends of (1) the cement industry’s demands for high-quality alternative fuels and (2) the decreasing calorific value of the fuels derived from municipal solid waste (MSW) and currently used in cement/incineration plants. Low-temperature pyrolysis can increase the calorific value of processed material, leading to the production of value-added carbonized solid fuel (CSF). This dataset summarizes the key properties of MSW-derived CSF. Pyrolysis experiments were completed using eight types of organic waste and their two RDF mixtures. Organic waste represented common morphological groups of MSW, i.e., cartons, fabrics, kitchen waste, paper, plastic, rubber, PAP/AL/PE composite packaging (multi-material packaging also known as Tetra Pak cartons), and wood. The pyrolysis was conducted at temperatures ranging from 300 to 500C (20C intervals), with a retention (process) time of 20 to 60 min (20 min intervals). The mass yield, energy densification ratio, and energy yield were determined to characterize the pyrolysis process efficiency. The raw materials and produced CSF were tested with proximate analyses (moisture content, organic matter content, ash content, and combustible part content) and with ultimate analyses (elemental composition C, H, N, S) and high heating value (HHV). Additionally, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analyses (TGA) of the pyrolysis process were performed. The dataset documents the changes in fuel properties of RDF resulting from low-temperature pyrolysis as a function of the pyrolysis conditions and feedstock type. The greatest HHV improvements were observed for fabrics (up to 65%), PAP/AL/PE composite packaging (up to 56%), and wood (up to 46%).
Author Kacper Świechowski - [Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wroclawiu]
Kacper Świechowski,,
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, Ewa Syguła - [Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wroclawiu]
Ewa Syguła,,
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, Jacek A. Koziel - [Iowa State University]
Jacek A. Koziel,,
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, Paweł Stępień - [Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wroclawiu]
Paweł Stępień,,
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, Szymon Kugler - [West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin]
Szymon Kugler,,
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, Piotr Manczarski (FEE / CEP)
Piotr Manczarski,,
- Chair of Environmental Protection
, Andrzej Białowiec - [Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wroclawiu]
Andrzej Białowiec,,
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Journal seriesData, ISSN 2306-5729
Issue year2020
Vol5
No2
Pages1-8
Publication size in sheets0.5
Article number48
Keywords in Englishrefuse-derived fuel, pyrolysis, carbonized solid fuel, high heating value, waste-to-energy, waste management, sustainability, circular economy, waste-to-carbon
DOIDOI:10.3390/data5020048
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2306-5729/5/2/48
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
File
data-05-00048.pdf 446.19 KB
Score (nominal)20
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 20.0, 24-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus Citations = 0; WoS Citations = 0
Citation count*1 (2020-09-10)
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