Impact of Hydraulic Loading Rate and Season on Water Contaminant Reductions Within Integrated Constructed Wetlands
Y Dong , Piotr Robert Wilinski , M Dzakpasu , M Scholz
AbstractThe impact of hydraulic loading rate (HLR) and seasonal temperature on contaminant removal efficiencies within an integrated constructed wetland (ICW) system of 3.25 ha was assessed. The ICW system was designed to treat domestic wastewater from Glaslough (Ireland). The current loading rate is 800 population equivalents. The system has shown good removal performances (2008 to 2010). Mean concentration removal efficiencies were high: 92% for chemical oxygen demand (COD), 98% for the 5 days at 20°C N-allylthiourea biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), 94% for total suspended solids (TSS), 97% for ammonia-nitrogen (NH3-N), 90% for nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N), 96% for total nitrogen (TN), and 96% for molybdate reactive phosphate (MRP). The mean mass removal efficiencies were 92% for COD, 98% for BOD, 96% for TSS, 92% for NH3-N, 83% for NO3-N, 90% for TN, and 91% for MRP. Loading rate fluctuations were mainly due to high variation in rainfall (0.4 to 400 m3 day-1) and in evapotranspiration rate (0 to 262 m3 day-1). The influence on the removal efficiencies of the hydraulic loading rate (−0.7 to 15.3 cm day-1), which was based on overall water balance, was negligible. This implies that the large footprint of the system provides a high hydraulic retention time (92 days).
|Journal series||Wetlands, ISSN 0277-5212, (A 20 pkt)|
|Keywords in English||Biochemical oxygen demand, Chemical oxygen demand, Hydraulic retention time, Mass balance, Nitrogen, Phosphorus|
|Publication indicators||: 2011 = 1.338 (2) - 2011=1.766 (5)|
|Citation count*||12 (2014-08-19)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.