Genetic drivers of cerebral blood flow dysfunction in TBI: a speculative synthesis
Frederick A. Zeiler , Eric P. Thelin , Joseph Donnelly , Andrew R. Stevens , Peter Smielewski , Marek Czosnyka , P. J Hutchinson , D.K. Menon
AbstractCerebral autoregulatory dysfunction after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is strongly linked to poor global outcome in patients at 6 months after injury. However, our understanding of the drivers of this dysfunction is limited. Genetic variation among individuals within a population gives rise to single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that have the potential to influence a given patient’s cerebrovascular response to an injury. Associations have been reported between a variety of genetic polymorphisms and global outcome in patients with TBI, but few studies have explored the association between genetic variants and cerebrovascular function after injury. In this Review, we explore polymorphisms that might play an important part in cerebral autoregulatory capacity after TBI. We outline a variety of SNPs, their biological substrates and their potential role in mediating cerebrovascular reactivity. A number of candidate polymorphisms exist in genes that are involved in myogenic, endothelial, metabolic and neurogenic vascular responses to injury. Furthermore, polymorphisms in genes involved in inflammation, the central autonomic response and cortical spreading depression might drive cerebrovascular reactivity. Identification of candidate genes involved in cerebral autoregulation after TBI provides a platform and rationale for further prospective investigation of the link between genetic polymorphisms and autoregulatory function.
|Journal series||Nature Reviews Neurology, ISSN 1759-4758, (A 50 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.7|
|Score||= 50.0, 11-07-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 1; = 0; : 2017 = 4.434; : 2017 = 19.819 (2) - 2017=20.888 (5)|
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