Elucidation of the role of guanidinium incorporation in single-crystalline MAPbI3 perovskite on ion migration and activation energy

Apurba Mahapatra , R. Runjhun , Jan Nawrocki , Janusz Lewiński , Md. Abul Kalam , Pawan Kumar , Suverna Trivedi , M. M. Tavakoli , Daniel Prochowicz , P. Yadav

Abstract

Ion migration plays a significant role in the overall stability and power conversion efficiency of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). This process was found to be influenced by the compositional engineering of the A-site cation in the perovskite crystal structure. However, the effect of partial A-site cation substitution in a methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3) perovskite on the ion migration process and its activation energy is not fully understood. Here we study the effect of a guanidinium (GUA) cation on the ion transport dynamics in the single crystalline GUAxMA1-xPbI3 perovskite composition using temperature-dependent electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). We find that the small substitution of MA with GUA decreases the activation energy for iodide ion migration in comparison to pristine MAPbI3. The presence of a large GUA cation in the 3D perovskite structure induces lattice enlargement, which perturbs the atomic interactions within the perovskite lattice. Consequently, the GUAxMA1-xPbI3 crystal exhibits a higher degree of hysteresis during current-voltage (J-V) measurements than the single-crystalline MAPbI3 counterpart. Our results provide the fundamental understanding of hysteresis, which is commonly observed in GUA-based PSCs and a general protocol for in-depth electrical characterization of perovskite single crystals.

Author Apurba Mahapatra - [National Institute of Technology Rourkela]
Apurba Mahapatra,,
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, R. Runjhun
R. Runjhun,,
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, Jan Nawrocki - [Polish Academy of Sciences]
Jan Nawrocki,,
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, Janusz Lewiński (FC / DCOC)
Janusz Lewiński,,
- Department Of Catalysis And Organometallic Chemistry
, Md. Abul Kalam
Md. Abul Kalam,,
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, Pawan Kumar - [National Institute of Technology Rourkela]
Pawan Kumar,,
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, Suverna Trivedi - [National Institute of Technology Rourkela]
Suverna Trivedi,,
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, M. M. Tavakoli
M. M. Tavakoli,,
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, Daniel Prochowicz (FC / DCOC)
Daniel Prochowicz,,
- Department Of Catalysis And Organometallic Chemistry
, P. Yadav
P. Yadav,,
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Journal seriesPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics, ISSN 1463-9076, e-ISSN 1463-9084
Issue year2020
Vol22
Pages11467-11473
Publication size in sheets0.5
ASJC Classification1606 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry; 3100 General Physics and Astronomy
DOIDOI:10.1039/d0cp01119c
URL https://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2020/CP/D0CP01119C#!divAbstract
Languageen angielski
File
pccp 2020.pdf 2.47 MB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 100.0, 27-07-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.117; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 3.567 (2) - 2018=3.963 (5)
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