Możliwości ochrony tożsamości kulturowej, społecznej, przyrodniczej i urbanistycznej małego miasta
Jan Chmielewski , Alina Maciejewska , Agnieszka Turek
AbstractThe character of a small town is not only determined by its quantitative, but also qualitative parameters. They both establish the identity of a small town, best reflected in its physiognomy. The identity of places changes with intentions, personality, and circumstances accompanying their individual and collective experience. The stereotypical memory is determined by the public opinion. It is often simplistic, selective, and trivial. It is important not to obliterate the individualities usually rooted in the memory of the town's inhabitants. The cultural heritage is represented by the preserved management relics, environmental-landscape features, and local customs. The traditional customs are mostly attacked by fashion and civilisation achievements, transforming them into festive behaviour or occasional happenings. The identity of a small town seen in such terms is the most threatened by the process of its development, and mainly preserved by means of protective measures. Numerous small towns in Poland are experiencing a crisis resulting from poverty and development failures, affecting their physiognomy and social welfare. The development of a small town always entails a change in its appearance and social character. In both of these scopes, it may lead to the loss of their identity, unless it is recognised and protected. The protection of identity is mainly the responsibility of self-governmental authorities. The article presents positive examples of Polish and foreign towns where the care of authorities and local social groups for the preservance of identity allowed a town escape development lethargy. It was possible due to an accurately prepared and implemented revitalisation programme combined with the revalorisation of the cultural heritage and environmental protection, supported by the modern conservation doctrine protecting the historical urban landscape.
|Journal series||Studia Ekonomiczne. Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach, ISSN 2083-8611|
|Publication size in sheets||0.85|
|Keywords in Polish||Historia miasta, miasto, tożsamość miasta|
|Keywords in English||City, History of city, Identity of the city|
|Score|| = 7.0, 05-09-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
= 10.0, 05-09-2019, ArticleFromJournal
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