4,10-Dinitro-2,6,8,12-tetraoxa-4,10-diazatetracyclo[5.5.0.05,903,11]dodecane Synthesis

Paweł Maksimowski , Tomasz Gołofit

Abstract

4,10-Dinitro-2,6,8,12-tetraoxa-4,10-diazatetracyclo[5.5.0.05,903,11]dodecane (TEX) was obtained by nitrolysis of 1,4-diformyl-2,3,5,6-tetrahydroxypiperazine reaction using a mixture of fuming nitric acid and concentrated sulfuric acid. The optimal process temperature was 54–56°C. The yield of the synthesis depends inter alia on the rate the reactants are introduced into the reaction medium and on the time of conditioning of the reaction mixture. A maximal yield of ca. 40% was achieved at the reactant addition time of 2 h and conditioning time of 2 h. None of the other nitrating mixtures examined proved superior to the conventional nitrating mixture. The product was examined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) techniques and the results are reported.
Author Paweł Maksimowski (FC / DH-EM)
Paweł Maksimowski,,
- Department Of High-Energetic Materials
, Tomasz Gołofit (FC / DH-EM)
Tomasz Gołofit,,
- Department Of High-Energetic Materials
Journal seriesJournal of Energetic Materials, ISSN 0737-0652
Issue year2013
Vol31
No3
Pages224-237
Publication size in sheets0.65
Keywords in English4,10-dinitro-2,6,8,12-tetraoxa-4,10-diazatetracyclo[5.5.0.05,903,11]dodecane, properties, synthesis, TEX
ASJC Classification3101 Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
DOIDOI:10.1080/07370652.2012.716490
URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07370652.2012.716490?journalCode=uegm20#.Usb6VsZg-cY
Languageen angielski
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4,10-Dinitro-2,6,8,12-Tetraoxa-4,10-Diazatetracyclo[5.5.0.05,903,11]Dodecane Synthesis.pdf 487.5 KB
Score (nominal)25
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 25.0, 07-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 25.0, 07-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus Citations = 12; WoS Citations = 8; GS Citations = 2.0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2013 = 1.299; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 1.364 (2) - 2013=1.389 (5)
Citation count*2 (2015-08-24)
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