Automated full-3D digitization system for documentation of paintings

Maciej Karaszewski , Marcin Adamczyk , Robert Sitnik , Jakub Michoński , Wojciech Załuski , Eryk Bunsh , Paweł Bolewicki


In this paper, a fully automated 3D digitization system for documentation of paintings is presented. It consists of a specially designed frame system for secure fixing of painting, a custom designed, structured light-based, high-resolution measurement head with no IR and UV emission. This device is automatically positioned in two axes (parallel to the surface of digitized painting) with additional manual positioning in third, perpendicular axis. Manual change of observation angle is also possible around two axes to re-measure even partially shadowed areas. The whole system is built in a way which provides full protection of digitized object (moving elements cannot reach its vicinity) and is driven by computer-controlled, highly precise servomechanisms. It can be used for automatic (without any user attention) and fast measurement of the paintings with some limitation to their properties: maximum size of the picture is 2000mm x 2000mm (with deviation of flatness smaller than 20mm) Measurement head is automatically calibrated by the system and its possible working volume starts from 50mm x 50mm x 20mm (10000 points per square mm) and ends at 120mm x 80mm x 60mm (2500 points per square mm). The directional measurements obtained with this system are automatically initially aligned due to the measurement head’s position coordinates known from servomechanisms. After the whole painting is digitized, the measurements are fine-aligned with color-based ICP algorithm to remove any influence of possible inaccuracy of positioning devices. We present exemplary digitization results along with the discussion about the opportunities of analysis which appear for such high-resolution, 3D computer models of paintings.
Author Maciej Karaszewski (FM / IMPh)
Maciej Karaszewski,,
- The Institute of Micromechanics and Photonics
, Marcin Adamczyk (FM / IMPh)
Marcin Adamczyk,,
- The Institute of Micromechanics and Photonics
, Robert Sitnik (FM / IMPh)
Robert Sitnik,,
- The Institute of Micromechanics and Photonics
, Jakub Michoński (FM / IMPh)
Jakub Michoński,,
- The Institute of Micromechanics and Photonics
, Wojciech Załuski (FM / IMPh)
Wojciech Załuski,,
- The Institute of Micromechanics and Photonics
, Eryk Bunsh
Eryk Bunsh,,
, Paweł Bolewicki (FM / IMPh)
Paweł Bolewicki,,
- The Institute of Micromechanics and Photonics
Publication size in sheets0.3
Book Pezzati Luca: Optics for Arts, Architecture, and Archaeology IV, 2013, ISBN 978-0-8194-9606-5
Keywords in PolishPomiary automatyczne, digitalizacja kształtu, digitalizacja obrazów
Keywords in EnglishAutomated measurements, 3D shape digitization, paintings digitization
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)15
Score sourceconferenceIndex
ScoreMinisterial score = 10.0, 07-02-2020, BookChapterMatConfByIndicator
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 15.0, 07-02-2020, BookChapterMatConfByIndicator
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 5; Scopus Citations = 11; GS Citations = 15.0
Citation count*15 (2020-09-19)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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