Methyl esters of different origin as a fuel for Compression Ignition engines

Krzysztof Kołodziejczyk , Stanisław Wojciech Kruczyński , Piotr Orliński , Marlena Owczuk

Abstract

This chapter presents the physical and chemical properties of methyl esters of Camelina sativa (CME) and palm oils (PME) as well as methyl esters of animal fats (FME), compared to the properties of methyl esters of rapeseed oil (RME), in terms of their suitability for use as a bio-component or biofuel for diesel engines. The test mixtures were prepared with particular attention to the parameters limiting the amount of bio-components in the biodiesel and which cannot be improved by using additives. Prepared mixtures meet the quality requirements of PN EN 14214. The results were compared with the results of engine tests with using Perkins 1104C-44 engine. They specified the influence of each methyl esters to the most important parameters characterizing the combustion process and the emission of toxic gases. These results were compared to the standard diesel oil and methyl esters of rapeseed oil (B100). The results show that it is possible to prepare mixtures of biofuels consisting of methyl esters of various origins, with similar quality to standard diesel oil. However, they require some changes in the engine fuel supply system, which are described in this chapter.
Author Krzysztof Kołodziejczyk - [Państowy Instytut Motoryzacji (PIMot)]
Krzysztof Kołodziejczyk,,
-
- Państowy Instytut Motoryzacji
, Stanisław Wojciech Kruczyński (FACME / IAE)
Stanisław Wojciech Kruczyński,,
- Institute of Automotive Engineering
, Piotr Orliński (FACME / IAE)
Piotr Orliński,,
- Institute of Automotive Engineering
, Marlena Owczuk - [Przemysłowy Instytut Motoryzacji (PIMOT)]
Marlena Owczuk,,
-
- Przemysłowy Instytut Motoryzacji
Pages289-296
Publication size in sheets0.5
Book Mendez-Vilas Antonio (eds.): Methyl esters of different origin as a fuel for Compression Ignition engines, 2013, C / Zurbarán, 1 2ª Planta, Oficina 1, 06002 Badajoz, Spain, FORMATEX RESEARCH CENTER, ISBN 978-84-939843-7-3
Keywords in EnglishCamelina sativa, methyl esters, bio-component, biofue, engine tests
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)5
ScoreMinisterial score = 5.0, 05-09-2019, MonographChapterAuthor
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