Impacts of airflows, internal heat and moisture gains on accuracy of modeling energy consumption and indoor parameters in passive building

Szymon Firląg , Bernard Zawada


Passive buildings compared to the standard ones require significantly less energy for heating, so the correct models of every “energy using” building's components are very important. This paper analyzes how various models of the internal heat and moisture gains, as well as natural airflows between building zones, influence the accuracy of the calculation of the energy performance, indoor temperatures and absolute humidity in a single-family passive building. A simulation environment used a detailed twelve-zone TRNSYS model of a house with HVAC system. The model included natural airflows between zones, and internal heat and moisture gains, defined as precisely as possible. The gains were allocated on the basis of special protocols of use filled by the occupants during the two-week measurement. The measurement data were also used for validation of the model. The verified model constituted a basis for calculation of energy performance and simulation of air temperature and absolute humidity change in a building with significantly limited airflow between zones, and heat and moisture gains defined according to standards. The standardized values of heat and moisture gains were defined on the basis of the standard ISO 13790 and national regulations in Poland. The simulations have shown that precise methodology of calculation of heat gains and airflows between building zones is very important for proper computation of energy performance and simulation of indoor temperatures and absolute humidity in passive buildings. Results of carried out analysis have shown that the difference in energy need for heating calculated using precise and simplified methods of internal heat gains determination was 30.1%.
Author Szymon Firląg (FCE / ICE)
Szymon Firląg,,
- The Institute of Civil Engineering
, Bernard Zawada (FEE / DHV)
Bernard Zawada,,
- Department of Heating and Ventilation
Journal seriesEnergy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788
Issue year2013
Publication size in sheets0.55
Keywords in EnglishInternal heat gains, Moisture gains, Numerical building model, Passive building, Energy demand calculation, Internal air distribution, TRNSYS programe
ASJC Classification2208 Electrical and Electronic Engineering; 2210 Mechanical Engineering; 2215 Building and Construction; 2205 Civil and Structural Engineering
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)40
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 40.0, 04-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 40.0, 04-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 20; Scopus Citations = 31; GS Citations = 50.0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2013 = 2.408; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 2.465 (2) - 2013=3.076 (5)
Citation count*50 (2020-08-30)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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