Exhaust emission measurements in the development of sustainable road transport
Jerzy Merkisz , Agnieszka Merkisz-Guranowska , Jacek Pielecha , Mateusz Nowak , Marianna Jacyna , Konrad Lewczuk , Jolanta Żak
AbstractEconomic development of nations leads to a higher living comfort of the society. Rich societies want to move safely and independently and demand immediate availability of purchased goods or – in the case of Internet shopping – delivery in the shortest possible time. Such an approach facilitates a continuous growth in the number of road vehicles. At the current level of technology advancement, an increasing number of vehicles results in a growth of the consumption of fossil fuels, which entails increased exhaust emissions and that, in turn, has a negative impact on the health of the living organisms. Another negative consequence of an increased number of vehicles (increased road congestion) is the emission of noise. This problem is particularly significant in large agglomerations where people are surrounded by moving vehicles. This paper presents the extent of influence of the automotive industry on the natural environment and the extent of changes in vehicle design and organization of road infrastructure that were instituted to reduce the transport’s environmental burden. The further part of the paper presents a definition of the development of sustainable transport, its advantages and hurdles that we may encounter when modernizing a transport system. Subsequently in the paper, the measurements under actual vehicle operating conditions were described together with the possibilities of analysis of the research results and the advantages resulting from such an approach during the assessment of the impact of the automotive industry on the natural environment.
|Journal series||Journal of KONES, ISSN 1231-4005|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||exhaust emission, noise emission, real road conditions, sustainable transport, health protection|
|Score|| = 6.0, 26-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
= 14.0, 26-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||= 15.0|
|Citation count*||16 (2020-08-24)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.