On Importance of Steganographic Cost For Network Steganography

Wojciech Mazurczyk , Steffen Wendzel , Ignacio Azgara Villares , Krzysztof Szczypiorski


Network steganography encompasses the information hiding techniques that can be applied in communication network environments and that utilize hidden data carriers for this purpose. In this paper, we introduce a characteristic called steganographic cost, which is an indicator for the degradation or distortion of the carrier caused by the application of the steganographic method. Based on exemplary cases for single- and multi-method steganographic cost analyses, we observe that it can be an important characteristic that allows to express hidden data carrier degradation—similarly, Mean-Square Error or Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio is utilized for digital media steganography. Steganographic cost can moreover be helpful to analyze the relationships between two or more steganographic methods applied to the same hidden data carrier.
Author Wojciech Mazurczyk (FEIT / IT)
Wojciech Mazurczyk,,
- The Institute of Telecommunications
, Steffen Wendzel - Fraunhofer Institute for Communication, Information Processing and Ergonomics (FKIE) [Fraunhofer Institute for Communication, Information Processing and Ergonomics FKIE]
Steffen Wendzel,,
, Ignacio Azgara Villares
Ignacio Azgara Villares,,
, Krzysztof Szczypiorski (FEIT / IT)
Krzysztof Szczypiorski,,
- The Institute of Telecommunications
Journal seriesSecurity and Communication Networks, ISSN 1939-0114, [1939-0122]
Issue year2016
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishnetwork steganography; steganographic cost; super-position steganography
ASJC Classification1705 Computer Networks and Communications; 1710 Information Systems
ProjectNew anomaly detection method. Project leader: Mazurczyk Wojciech, , Phone: + 48 22 234-77-11, application date 06-06-2011, start date 07-12-2011, end date 06-12-2014, IT/2012/badawczy/28, Completed
WEiTI Projects financed by NSC [Projekty finansowane przez NCN]
Languageen angielski
Mazurczyk Wenzel Szczypiorski On importance of steganographic 2014.pdf 1.77 MB
Score (nominal)20
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 20.0, 20-04-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 20.0, 20-04-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 3; Scopus Citations = 7; GS Citations = 15.0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.842; WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 1.067 (2) - 2016=1.022 (5)
Citation count*15 (2020-06-02)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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