Encryption Using Reconfigurable Reversible Logic Gate and Its Simulation in FPGAs
Marcin Bryk , Krzysztof Gracki , Paweł Kerntopf , Marek Pawłowski , Andrzej Skorupski
AbstractRecently an approach to encryption/decryption based on using reversible logic circuits has been proposed. The reason for this is that conventional microelectronic technologies are reaching their limits. On the other hand, reversible logic circuits can decrease energy dissipation theoretically to zero. This paper presents a solution to designing encryption schemes based entirely on reversible logic. In our solution a building block of an encryption scheme is a cascade of 4-input reversible gates. In this way the building block can perform any reversible 4-variable function. For this purpose a reconfigurable reversible gate has been proposed. The design of such a reconfigurable gate built from standard reversible gates, i.e. NOT, CNOT, Toffoli and Fredkin gates, is presented. In the paper a complete scheme for encryption/decryption of 8-bit data is described using VHDL language and its quantum cost is calculated. Simulation and verification of this scheme in FPGAs conclude the paper.
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