Optimization of the three-segment aerofoil arrangement based on wind tunnel tests and numerical analysis

Wojciech Grendysa , Bartosz Olszański


This paper presents the optimization of multi-element aerofoil for the LAR-3 Puffin -- STOL light transport aircraft concept proposal. Based on the geometry and aerodynamic characteristics of the well-known and proven in flight three-segment NACA 63A416 aerofoil, the authors explore the possibility of enhancing its high-lift performance by the movement of slot and flap position in extended (deployed) aerodynamic configuration. In order to determine the optimum positions of aerofoil segments (elements), a multi-step optimization approach was developed. It combines computational fluid dynamics simulations that were used for design space screening and preliminary optimization together with low-turbulence wind tunnel tests which yielded certain results. To decrease the numerical cost of the computer simulation campaign, Design of experiment methods (optimal space-filling design among others) were employed instead of exhausting full factorial (parametric) design. Response surface models of major aerodynamic coefficients (lift, drag, pitching moment) at predicted maximum lift coefficient (CL max) point allowed to narrow down search space and identify several candidates for optimal configuration to be checked experimentally. Wind tunnel tests campaign confirmed the major trends observed in computational fluid dynamics derived response surface contour plots. For the optimum aerodynamic configuration, chosen experimental CL max is over 3.9, which is a 10% increase over the baseline (initial slat and flap positions) case. In parallel, the maximum lift-to-drag ratio gain at that point was almost 19%. The research outlined in this paper was conducted on behalf of the aircraft production company and its results will be applied in a newly designed transport aircraft.

Author Wojciech Grendysa (FPAE / IAAM)
Wojciech Grendysa,,
- The Institute of Aeronautics and Applied Mechanics
, Bartosz Olszański (FPAE / IAAM)
Bartosz Olszański,,
- The Institute of Aeronautics and Applied Mechanics
Journal seriesProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part G-Journal of Aerospace Engineering, [Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering], ISSN 0954-4100, e-ISSN 2041-3025
Issue year2020
ASJC Classification2202 Aerospace Engineering; 2210 Mechanical Engineering
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 70.0, 30-07-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.622; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 1.104 (2) - 2018=1.17 (5)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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