A method of hold baggage security screening system throughput analysis with an application for a medium-sized airport

Jacek Skorupski , Piotr Uchroński , Adrian Łach


The hold baggage security screening (HBSS) is one of the essential steps in a pre-flight operation process. With the continuous increase in the overall air traffic volume, the development of security screening (and control) technologies, and the changes in applicable regulations of law, the structure and equipment of HBSS systems require frequent upgrades. In order to make good, effective decisions about the upgrades, airport management requires tools for quantitative determination of their results. The aim of this work is to analyse the HBSS system throughput. The analysis can serve as an aid in airport management in on-the-go solving of operating issues and making decisions about HBSS upgrades. A mathematical model was established for the analysis in the form of a coloured timed Petri net, and implemented in a computer-aided solution. It was a microscale simulation model, in which every piece of hold baggage is localised in time and with a resolution of a single belt conveyor. The computer-simulated experiments completed with the model helped (i) determine the actual throughput of the HBSS system operated at the Katowice International Airport, (ii) determine the effects of disturbances on the HBSS system operation, (iii) evaluate the impact of the time windows available to SSO (security screening operators), the SSO's work organisation and the efficiency of automatic security screening on the HBSS system throughput, and (iv) determine the throughput for specific alternative variants of the HBSS organisation, including doubled automatic security screening. These results allow a conclusion, that a four-level HBSS system, which includes automatic security screening, two SSO screening levels based on X-ray imaging, and manual control is an HBSS solution adequate for a regional medium-sized airport. It was also found that, given the growth of airport facility complexity and area, an increase of HBSS throughput is viable rather not by improving the capacity of specific HBSS components, but by deploying them in parallel processing lines. The highest throughput growth potential lies in parallel deployment of automatic security screening lines.
Author Jacek Skorupski ZITL
Jacek Skorupski,,
- Department of Air Transport Engineering
, Piotr Uchroński ZITL - Górnośląskie Towarzystwo Lotnicze
Piotr Uchroński,,
- Department of Air Transport Engineering
, Adrian Łach ZITL - Górnośląskie Towarzystwo Lotnicze
Adrian Łach,,
- Department of Air Transport Engineering
Journal seriesTransportation Research Part C-Emerging Technologies, ISSN 0968-090X
Issue year2018
Publication size in sheets1.05
Keywords in Englishhold baggage security screening, baggage handling system, aviation safety and security, Petri nets, discrete event simulation, airport performance evaluation
URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0968090X18300160
Languageen angielski
A method of hold baggage security screening system throughput analysis with an application for a medium-sized airport.pdf of 09-01-2018
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Score (nominal)45
ScoreMinisterial score [Punktacja MNiSW] = 40.0, 09-01-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) [Punktacja MNiSW (2013-2016)] = 45.0, 09-01-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor [Impact Factor WoS]: 2016 = 3.805 (2) - 2016=4.334 (5)
Citation count*0 (2018-06-18)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.