Capillary Sensors with Two Coupled LEDs for UV-Forced Degradation and Fluorescence Reading of Chemical Stability of Diesel Fuels
Michał Borecki , Mateusz Gęca , Michael L. Korwin-Pawlowski , Piotr Doroz , Przemysław Prus , Jan Szmidt
AbstractThe stability of the diesel fuel is related to the fuel composition that evolved to the modern fuels from the historical ones. The instability of modern diesel fuel is mainly due to the presence of unsaturated components and components with oxygen. Standard laboratory techniques for measuring fuel stability are relatively complex and time consuming. The time of examination of initial stages of degradation is in the rank of a dozen of hours. The fast methods of diesel fuel stability pointing with single ultraviolet (UV) wavelength forced degradation and fluorescence reading have been proposed. The present paper concentrates on the possibility of further reduction of time of examination of the diesel fuel that enables initial and advanced stages of fuel instability indicating. The reduction of time of degradation is expected as two light emitting diodes (LED) working at different wavelengths are implemented in sensor head. The long-wave ultraviolet (UVA) - 365 nm high power light emitted diode and the short-wave ultraviolet (UVC) - 265 nm light emitted diode are selected for examination. The procedure of degradation and examination with signal switching of LEDs has been proposed. Experimental results are presented for the dual LED degradation system in comparison of to the single 265 nm LED degradation system. Obtained characteristics show fluorescence emitted signal at selected wavelength bands dependency of initial, medium and advanced effects of fuel degradation. The results show that using dual LED system increases fuel degradation speed as an advanced effects of fuel instability arise in the time less than one hour.
|Book||Cruvinel Paulo E. (eds.): The Ninth International Conference on Sensor Device Technologies and Applications, SENSORDEVICES 2018, 2018, IARIA, Curran Associates, Inc., ISBN 978-1-61208-660-6, 189 p.|
|Keywords in English||biodiesel fuel stability; diesel fuel instability; unsaturated hydrocarbons; capillary sensor; LED excited fluorescence; UV degradation.|
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