Biocoenosis of biofilm and activated sludge in hybrid systems used for wastewater treatment

Paula Piechna


Over the past decade many new technologies for wastewater treatment have been de-veloped. Hybrid reactors, which combine conventional activated sludge process with biofilm processes, have captured researchers’ attention. These systems (e.g. IFAS, hybrid MBBR, MBSBBR) have been applied to achieve year-round nitrification and gain additional treatment capacity but also for simultaneous nitrification/denitrification and biological nutrient removal (BNR) as an alternative for conventional activated sludge systems (CAS) (Gonzalez-Víar et al., 2015). Support media used in hybrid systems include free-floating moving bed (e.g. naturally buoyant plastic formed into cylinders or chips in MBSBBR) and fixed bed (e.g. carrier based on loop cords in IFFAS). Depending on many factors like operational conditions, the ratio of suspended to attached biomass can vary. It was reported that attached biomass can reach even above 90% (Makowska et al., 2013).
Publication typeOriginal work published as abstract
Author Paula Piechna (FEE / DWSWT)
Paula Piechna,,
- Department of Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment
Book Skoczko Iwona, Szatyłowicz Ewa (eds.): Książka streszczeń VII Międzynarodowa Konferencja Naukowa „INŻYNIERIA ŚRODOWISKA – MŁODYM OKIEM”, 2018, Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Białostockiej, 124 p.
Keywords in PolishIFAS, moving bed, nitrifying bacteria, denitrifying bacteria, phosphorus accumulating organisms
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)0
Citation count*
Share Share

Get link to the record

* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.