Acid–base equilibrium in aqueous solutions of 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid as studied by 13C NMR spectroscopy

Adam Gryff-Keller , A. Kraska-Dziadecka

Abstract

13C NMR spectra of 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid in aqueous solutions of various acidities and for various solute concentrations have been recorded and interpreted. The spectra recorded at pH = 2 and below contain the signals of the neutral solute molecule exclusively, while the ones recorded at pH = 7 and above only the signals of the appropriate anion, which has been confirmed by theoretical GIAO-DFT calculations. The signals in the spectra recorded for solutions of pH \< 7 show dynamic broadenings. The lineshape analysis of these signals has provided information on the kinetics of the processes running in the dynamic acid–base equilibrium. The kinetic data determined this way have been used to clarify the mechanisms of these processes. The numerical analysis has shown that under the investigated conditions deprotonation of the neutral solute molecules undergoes not only via a simple transfer of the C–H proton to water molecules but also through a process with participation of the barbiturate anions. Moreover, the importance of tautomerism, or association, or both these phenomena for the kinetics of the acid–base transformations in the investigated system has been shown. Qualitatively similar changes of 13C NMR spectra with the solution pH variation have been observed for the parent barbituric acid.
Author Adam Gryff-Keller (FC / DOC)
Adam Gryff-Keller,,
- Department Of Organic Chemistry
, A. Kraska-Dziadecka
A. Kraska-Dziadecka,,
-
Journal seriesJournal of Molecular Structure, ISSN 0022-2860, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2011
Vol1006
No1–3
Pages665-671
Keywords in English13C NMR spectroscopy, 1,3-Dimethylbarbituric acid, Barbituric acid
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.molstruc.2011.10.029
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022286011008210
Score (nominal)20
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2011 = 1.634 (2) - 2011=1.611 (5)
Citation count*1 (2015-02-15)
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