Acid–base equilibrium in aqueous solutions of 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid as studied by 13C NMR spectroscopy
Adam Gryff-Keller , A. Kraska-Dziadecka
Abstract13C NMR spectra of 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid in aqueous solutions of various acidities and for various solute concentrations have been recorded and interpreted. The spectra recorded at pH = 2 and below contain the signals of the neutral solute molecule exclusively, while the ones recorded at pH = 7 and above only the signals of the appropriate anion, which has been confirmed by theoretical GIAO-DFT calculations. The signals in the spectra recorded for solutions of pH \< 7 show dynamic broadenings. The lineshape analysis of these signals has provided information on the kinetics of the processes running in the dynamic acid–base equilibrium. The kinetic data determined this way have been used to clarify the mechanisms of these processes. The numerical analysis has shown that under the investigated conditions deprotonation of the neutral solute molecules undergoes not only via a simple transfer of the C–H proton to water molecules but also through a process with participation of the barbiturate anions. Moreover, the importance of tautomerism, or association, or both these phenomena for the kinetics of the acid–base transformations in the investigated system has been shown. Qualitatively similar changes of 13C NMR spectra with the solution pH variation have been observed for the parent barbituric acid.
|Journal series||Journal of Molecular Structure, ISSN 0022-2860, (A 20 pkt)|
|Keywords in English||13C NMR spectroscopy, 1,3-Dimethylbarbituric acid, Barbituric acid|
|Publication indicators||: 2011 = 1.634 (2) - 2011=1.611 (5)|
|Citation count*||1 (2015-02-15)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.