Integrated assessment models—tools for developing emission abatement strategies for the< i> Black Triangle region
I. Lowles , H. ApSimon , Katarzyna Juda-Rezler , Krzysztof Abert , J. Brechler , J. Holpuch , A. Grossinho
AbstractInternational agreements to reduce the long range transport of air pollutants have usually consisted of fixed percentage reductions in the emissions of the signatory countries. Clearly the sensitivity of different ecosystems to certain pollutants varies widely across Europe and so it follows that a more cost-effective way of minimising environmental damage is by selectively reducing the emissions in certain countries and regions. To this end integrated assessment models where used to help formulate the second sulphur protocol [UN–ECE EB.AIR/R.84, 1994] which derived cost-effective strategies for reducing SO2 emissions from coal-fired power stations across Europe. In this current work similar methodologies where used to derive abatement strategies for the heavily polluted Black Triangle region of eastern Europe, i.e. the region contained along the mutual borders of Poland, Germany and the Czech Republic. This work was performed at a much finer resolution than that used during the UN–ECE work, such that specific emission sources could be identified for abatement. The integrated assessment models developed for this work used either critical loads maps, land use maps and population data to identify the ecosystems and people most exposed to air pollution. The models where developed so as to be fully integrated within a geographical information system (GIS), so that data inputs and model results could be easily analysed and displayed. Such a system provides a means whereby policy makers can easily devise and compare emission abatement strategies for the Black Triangle region.
|Journal series||Journal of Hazardous Materials, ISSN 0304-3894|
|Keywords in English||Air pollutants, Ecosystems, emissions|
|Publication indicators||: 2006 = 1.855 (2) - 2007=2.641 (5)|
|Citation count*||6 (2015-01-23)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.