Identification and geometrical modelling of complex shape surfaces using coordinate measuring machine and CAD/CAM systems

Konstanty Skalski , R. Filipowski , Wojciech Święszkowski , Krzysztof Kędzior , Andrzej Dąbrowski , Józef Zawora

Abstract

Two similar methods for the geometric identification of complex shape surfaces using the scanning measurement technique on a coordinate measuring machine (CMM) will be presented in this work. The first method employs the surfaces defined by the CAD system parametric technique based on the set of measurement points. The coordinates of points in space are determined by measurement in successive scanning planes with a given measuring step. The second method employs the surfaces defined by the analytically generated orthogonal curve meshes given by Newton's interpolation function. The interpolation points are the measurement points in the Cartesian space for a given measuring step. The generation technique of the interpolation function is then applied by using the interpolation method to define the arbitrary coordinate point set of the range of the measured net. Following this method of identification, some corrective procedure for measuring the results of surface coordinate points are proposed. These correction procedures result from use of the probe end in the coordinate technique. As a consequence of the presented corrective procedures, the authors propose useful software (numerical programmes) for the applied CMM during measuring of the complex shape surfaces. In the final part of the work, the sets of points obtained from these measurements are used to the develop 3D geometrical models of surfaces in the CAD system. The discussed techniques of identification and modelling are adopted in the design of a TV tube and the shape surface of the radial bone in bioengineering as practical examples.
Author Konstanty Skalski IMP
Konstanty Skalski,,
- The Institute of Mechanics and Printing
, R. Filipowski
R. Filipowski,,
-
, Wojciech Święszkowski ZPM
Wojciech Święszkowski,,
- Division of Materials Design
, Krzysztof Kędzior ITLMS
Krzysztof Kędzior,,
- The Institute of Aeronautics and Applied Mechanics
, Andrzej Dąbrowski IT
Andrzej Dąbrowski,,
- The Institute of Telecommunications
, Józef Zawora ITW
Józef Zawora,,
- The Institute of Manufacturing Processes
Journal seriesJournal of Materials Processing Technology, ISSN 0924-0136
Issue year1998
Vol76
No1–3
Pages49-55
Keywords in EnglishComplex shapes, Coordinate measuring technique, Geometric modelling, Interpolation and approximation of surfaces
DOIDOI:10.1016/S0924-0136(97)00314-2
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0924013697003142
Score (nominal)30
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2006 = 0.615 (2) - 2007=1.133 (5)
Citation count*11 (2015-03-07)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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