Network-Based Stochastic Model for Instantaneous GNSS Real-Time Kinematic Positioning

Dominik Próchniewicz , Ryszard Szpunar , A. Brzeziński


The concept of global navigation satellite system (GNSS) real-time kinematic (RTK) positioning through the use of multiple reference stations (Network RTK) is themost common approach to relative positioning, whichmakes it possible to achieve centimeter-level accuracy for medium baselines. In this approach, ionospheric and geometric correction terms, generated on the basis of a model of interpolation of the distance-dependent biases, are applied to the functional model of rover positioning. The accuracy and reliability of Network RTK performance depend on the accuracy of the defined correction terms. Especially during storm-level ionospheric activity, the applied spatial interpolation model might not be suitable for the real ionospheric state, causing the ambiguity resolution to be less reliable, or even impossible, because of high residual errors. Thus, the residual errors can substantially degrade the correctness of the functionalmodel and should be accounted for to obtain optimal estimation of the unknowns in the positioning model. One of the possible approaches for taking into account such errors is to introduce them into a stochastic model rather than a functional model. This paper provides a method of taking into account residual errors in the stochastic description of the positioning model by using the accuracy characteristics of the correction terms directly defined in the network solution. It describes a method of developing the proposed stochastic model (called the Network-Based Stochastic Model), including of the test results of the instantaneous Network RTK positioning performance.
Author Dominik Próchniewicz (FGC / CGGA)
Dominik Próchniewicz,,
- Chair of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy
, Ryszard Szpunar (FGC / CGGA)
Ryszard Szpunar,,
- Chair of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy
, A. Brzeziński - [Space Research Center of the Polish Academy of Sciences]
A. Brzeziński,,
Journal seriesJournal of Surveying Engineering-Asce, ISSN 0733-9453
Issue year2016
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishGlobal navigation satellite system (GNSS); Network real-time kinematic (RTK); Stochastic model; Instantaneous ambiguity resolution.
ASJC Classification2205 Civil and Structural Engineering
Internal identifier89/2016
Languageen angielski
2016_Prochniewicz_Szpunar_Brzeziński_Network-Based_Stochastic_89.pdf 1.24 MB
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2016_Ośw_Próchniewicz_Szpunar_Brzeziński_Network-Based_89.pdf 685.46 KB
Score (nominal)30
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 25.0, 08-01-2021, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 30.0, 08-01-2021, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 6; Scopus Citations = 7; GS Citations = 11.0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.616; WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 1.667 (2) - 2016=1.446 (5)
Citation count*11 (2021-01-04)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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