Aliphatic cyclic carbonates and spiroorthocarbonates as monomers
AbstractIn this review the synthesis and polymerization of aliphatic cyclic carbonates of different size and type are presented. The mechanisms of cationic, anionic, coordination and enzymatic polymerization of cyclic carbonates are discussed for obtaining polymers with well-defined structures and oligomers with reactive pendant and end groups. The reactions of cyclic carbonates with different nucleophilic reagents leading to products with CO2 retention or with decarboxylation are reported. Special attention has been paid to the synthesis and polymerization of spiroorthocarbonates, bicyclic acetals, which are the intermediates in the reaction of cyclic carbonates with cyclic ethers. The influence of the presence of neighboring groups such as methylene or epoxy groups on the polymerization mechanism of spiroorthocarbonates, as well as the volume expansion during polymerization is discussed. As a result of the above synthetic findings, a variety of novel materials have been developed with versatile applications in different fields such as biomedicine and electronics.
|Journal series||Progress in Polymer Science, ISSN 0079-6700|
|Keywords in English||Aliphatic cyclic carbonates, Aliphatic polycarbonates, biodegradable polymers, Expandable polymers, ring-opening polymerization, Spiroorthocarbonates|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ; ;|
|Publication indicators||= 421; = 332.0; : 2014 = 11.126; : 2006 = 14.818 (2) - 2007=17.1 (5)|
|Citation count*||332 (2014-04-22)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.