The TOTEM experiment at LHC

J. Baechler , G. Antchev , P. Aspell , I. Atanassov , V. Avati , V. Berardi , M. Berretti , E. Bossini , M. Bozzo , P. Brogi , E. Brucken , A. Buzzo , F. Cafagna , M. Calicchio , M.G. Catanesi , C. Covault , T. Csorgo , M. Deile , K. Eggert , V. Eremin , R. Ferretti , F. Ferro , Adrian Fiergolski , F. Garcia , S. Giani , V. Greco , L. Grzanka , J. Heino , T. Hilden , M.R. Intonti , J. Kaspar , J. Kopal , V. Kundrat , K. Kurvinen , S. Lami , G. Latino , R. Lauhakangas , T. Leszko , E. Lippmaa , M. Lokajicek , M. Lo Vetere , F. Lucas Rodriguez , M. Macri , L. Magaletti , A. Mercadante , S. Minutoli , F. Nemes , H Niewiadomski , E. Oliveri , F. Oljemark , R. Orava , M. Oriunno , K. Osterberg , P. Palazzi , J. Prochazka , M. Quinto , E. Radermacher , E. Radicioni , F. Ravotti , E. Robutti , L. Ropelewski , G. Ruggiero , H. Saarikko , G. Sanguinetti , A. Santroni , A. Scribano , W. Snoeys , J. Sziklai , C. Taylor , N. Turini , V. Vacek , M. Vitek , J. Welti , J. Whitmore

Abstract

The TOTEM experiment is dedicated to the measurement of the total proton-proton cross-section with the luminosity-independent method and the study of elastic and diffractive scattering processes. Two tracking telescopes, T1 and T2, integrated in the CMS detector, cover the pseudo-rapidity region between 3.1 and 6.5 on both sides of the interaction point IP5. The Roman Pot (RP) stations are located at distances of \#x00B1; 147m and \#x00B1; 220 m with respect to the interaction point to measure the very forward scattered protons at very small angles. During the LHC technical stop in winter 2010/2011, the TOTEM experiment was completed with the installation of the T1 telescope and the RP stations at \#x00B1; 147 m. In 2011, the LHC machine provided special optics with the large \#x00DF;* = 90 m, allowing TOTEM to measure the elastic scattering differential cross section, down to the four-momentum transfer squared \\textbar\t\\textbar\ = 2 \#x00D7;10-2 GeV2. Using the optical theorem and extrapolation of the differential cross section to t = 0 (optical point), the total p-p cross section at the LHC energy of \#x221A;v = 7 TeV could be computed for the first time. The status of the experiment, the performance of the detectors with emphasis on the RPs are described and the first physics results are presented.
Author J. Baechler
J. Baechler,,
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, G. Antchev
G. Antchev,,
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, P. Aspell
P. Aspell,,
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, I. Atanassov
I. Atanassov,,
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, V. Avati
V. Avati,,
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, V. Berardi
V. Berardi,,
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, M. Berretti
M. Berretti,,
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, E. Bossini
E. Bossini,,
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, M. Bozzo
M. Bozzo,,
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, P. Brogi
P. Brogi,,
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et al.`
Pages1417-1420
Book 2011 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC), 2011, IEEE
Keywords in EnglishCMS detector, diffractive optical elements, elastic scattering differential cross section, four-momentum transfer squared, LHC technical stop, luminosity-independent method, position sensitive particle detectors, proton-proton inclusive interactions, pseudorapidity region, T1 telescope, telescopes, total proton-proton cross-section, TOTEM experiment
DOIDOI:10.1109/NSSMIC.2011.6154341
URL http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=6154341
Languageen angielski
File
06154341.pdf 1.17 MB
Score (nominal)10
Citation count*1 (2015-03-11)
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