Electrical properties and thermal stability of FePO4 glasses and nanomaterials
T.K. Pietrzak , L. Wewior , J.E. Garbarczyk , Marek Wasiucionek , I. Gorzkowska , J.L. Nowinski , S. Gierlotka
AbstractGlasses under study were prepared by a standard press quenching technique. Differential thermal analysis (DTA) measurements have shown that the as-obtained glasses are stable up to 530 °C. The DTA traces contain three thermal events: a baseline shift due to the glass transition followed by two distinct exothermic peaks related to crystallization processes. The positions of maxima of those peaks obey a Kissinger formula with the activation energy values: 3.7 ± 0.1 eV, 4.3 ± 0.2 eV, respectively. Heating of the samples to about 620 °C leads to their nanocrystallization. The average grain size in nanocrystalline samples as estimated from scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) is between 60 and 70 nm. The nanocrystallized samples have two important advantages: they are stable to at least 660 °C and their electronic conductivity at room temperature is substantially higher than that of the as-prepared glasses (1.2·10− 7 S/cm vs. 1.5·10− 8 S/cm).
|Journal series||Solid State Ionics, ISSN 0167-2738|
|Keywords in English||Cathode materials, FePO4 glasses, Nanocrystallization, Nanomaterials|
|Publication indicators||: 2011 = 2.646 (2) - 2011=3.097 (5)|
|Citation count*||8 (2015-05-15)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.