Plasmochemical investigations of DLC/WCx nanocomposite coatings synthesized by gas injection magnetron sputtering technique

Bartosz Wicher , Rafał Chodun , Roch Kwiatkowski , Marek Trzciński , Katarzyna Nowakowska-Langier , Artur Lachowski , Roman Minikayev , Jacek Rudnicki , Mieczysław Naparty , Krzysztof Zdunek

Abstract

Nanocomposite coatings of tungsten carbide incorporated into amorphous carbon (a-C/WCx) were synthesizedwith a varying amplitude of pulse pressure oscillation (0,4–0,8 Pa) on the silicon substrates through the GasInjection Magnetron Sputtering (GIMS) technique. Hence, energy distribution manner followed by changingdensity (pressure) of plasma molecules was discussed in terms of two possibilities of a tungsten-carbon phaseformation; clusters synthesis, within plasma ionizedflux and the Lifshitz model of the surface nucleation. For thispurpose, the morphology and the surface topography of deposited layers were studied by the atomic forcemicroscopy (AFM), optical emission spectroscopy (OES) and the scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Further,pronounced structural analysis provided via transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction(XRD), presents, that spherical shaped WCxnanoclusters (1–4 nm) were dispersed in the amorphous‑carbon-likehost matrix. More detailed chemical bonding state circumstances attained, that these nanocrystallites consistprimarily of metastableγ-WC1−x, and the small amount ofβ-W2C phase; embedded within the diamond-likecarbon (DLC) structure, referring to the engaged X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and the Ramanspectroscopy examinations. Accordingly, an application issue of the unique bonds dependence of DLC/WCxcoatings, deposited onto high speed steel substrate (SW7M) substrate, was emphasized by means of Vickersmeasurements, as a sensing microhardness feedback.
Author Bartosz Wicher (FMSE / DSE)
Bartosz Wicher,,
- Division of Surface Engineering
, Rafał Chodun (FMSE / DSE)
Rafał Chodun,,
- Division of Surface Engineering
, Roch Kwiatkowski - National Center for Nuclear Research (NCBJ) [Narodowe Centrum Badan Jadrowych, Otwock]
Roch Kwiatkowski,,
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, Marek Trzciński - Uniwersytet Technologiczno-Przyrodniczy im. Jana i Jędrzeja Śniadeckich w Bydgoszczy (UTP) [UTP University of Science and Technology]
Marek Trzciński,,
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, Katarzyna Nowakowska-Langier - Narodowe Centrum Badan Jadrowych, Otwock [Narodowe Centrum Badan Jadrowych, Otwock]
Katarzyna Nowakowska-Langier,,
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, Artur Lachowski (FMSE / DCFM)
Artur Lachowski,,
- Division of Construction and Functional Materials
, Roman Minikayev - Instytut Fizyki Polskiej Akademii Nauk (Instytut Fizyki Polskiej Akademii Nauk), MNiSW [80] [Institute of Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences]
Roman Minikayev,,
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, Jacek Rudnicki (FMSE / DSE)
Jacek Rudnicki,,
- Division of Surface Engineering
, Mieczysław Naparty - Uniwersytet Technologiczno-Przyrodniczy im. Jana i Jędrzeja Śniadeckich w Bydgoszczy (UTP) [UTP University of Science and Technology]
Mieczysław Naparty,,
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, Krzysztof Zdunek (FMSE / DSE)
Krzysztof Zdunek,,
- Division of Surface Engineering
Journal seriesDiamond and Related Materials, ISSN 0925-9635, e-ISSN 1879-0062, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol96
Pages1-10
Publication size in sheets0.5
Conference13th International Conference on Surfaces, Coatings and Nanostructured Materials (NANOSMAT 2018), 11-09-2018 - 14-09-2018, Gdańsk, Polska
Keywords in EnglishDiamond like carbon & tungsten synthesis, Gas injection magnetron sputtering, Plasma &film characterization, Raman spectroscopy, XPS, Optical emission spectroscopy
ASJC Classification1600 General Chemistry; 2208 Electrical and Electronic Engineering; 2210 Mechanical Engineering; 2504 Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials; 2505 Materials Chemistry; 3100 General Physics and Astronomy
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.diamond.2019.04.025
URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925963519301189
Languageen angielski
File
1-s2.0-S0925963519301189-main.pdf 3.27 MB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 100.0, 29-01-2020, ArticleFromConference
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.108; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.29 (2) - 2018=2.398 (5)
Citation count*2 (2020-03-20)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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