Analysis of changes in the functional structure resulting from enacted planning documents. Case study: Suwalki
Maciej Delnicki , Wojciech Bartoszczuk
AbstractOne of the primary characteristics of development of an area is land use. It is established based on local law, formulated and enacted by local authorities. The binding in Poland Act of Spatial Planning and Development from 2003 stipulates two types of planning documents at the municipal level: the study of preconditions and guidelines of spatial development, and local spatial development plan. These documents differ primarily in terms of legal qualification – the study is not an act of local law. Therefore, its regulations are not binding for investors and property owners. Only municipal authorities are obliged to respect the regulations in the preparation of local plans. The plans constitute acts of local law, serving as a tool for implementing spatial policy in the framework of regulations binding all participants of the investment process. The function of the areas is determined in the local plan, but the study also refers, at least indirectly, to the issue. The analysis of functional changes occurring as a result of enacted planning documents concerned the city of Suwałki located in north-east Poland. The analysis covered documents passed in the area of the city in the period from 1995 to 2015, namely the study of preconditions and guidelines of spatial development of Suwalki (enacted in 1998, amended five times, lately in 2012) and 82 local spatial development plans (including 16 amendments) covering approximately 2,800 hectares, i.e. approximately 43% of the entire area of the city. The effects of planning regulations concerning the destination areas and their influence on spatial order were assessed in terms of growth of areas under building development, as well as building development pressure on areas of environmental value. Widespread exclusion of land from agricultural production was observed. It is unfavourable not only from the point of view of spatial order –it can also be economically unviable (due to the dispersion of buildings). Moreover, the excessive growth of building development land is also problematic from the point of view of the protection of environmental values. Building development pressure does not only concern the least valuable agricultural land, but also other valuable open spaces. If these areas are not protected based on separate provisions, local law often favours land owners and investors, allowing the possibility of building in such areas.
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Book||Ecology, Economics, Education and Legislation. Conference Proceedings-Environmental Legislation, Multilateral Relations and Funding Opportunities, International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference & EXPO SGEM, 2016, International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM, ISBN 978-619-7105-65-0, [ISSN 1314-2704], 1028 p.|
|Keywords in English||local spatial development plans, functional structure, spatial order|
|Score|| = 15.0, 22-02-2017, BookChapterSeriesAndMatConf|
= 15.0, 22-02-2017, BookChapterSeriesAndMatConf
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